Switzerland is a landlocked country in Central Europe. It lies astride the Alps Mountain Ranges.

It has been a great tourist nation since the 18th Century.

Major Tourist Attractions in Switzerland


The Swiss landscape comprises of many mountains with smooth slopes and valleys e.g. the Alps.

These attract tourists interested in mountain climbing, sight-seeing and in winter sports e.g. skiing.

Other features that are related to the mountains include the hanging valleys and waterfalls that are of scenic beauty to tourists.

Swiss National Park

Switzerland has a big national park with varied plant and animal species that attract tourists.


There are several glaciated lakes with clear blue waters that are beautiful to see and popular for sport fishing, sailing and swimming.

Variety of climate

Switzerland experiences both winter and summer climates that facilitate various activities that the tourists can participate in e.g. mountain climbing, sport fishing and swimming during summer and skating & skiing in winter.

Health spas

These are mineral springs that people consider to cure certain ailments.

Also, the varied climate is conducive for people suffering from certain diseases hence popular for tourists.

Hike & Bike facilities

Swiss has a unique network of hiking trails covering the whole country with paths that are well marked and maintained.

These are found in the lowlands and within the mountains also.

There are also trails for mountain biking, golfing and river rafting.

Advanced technology

Switzerland has well-developed industries and well-developed infrastructure

some people visit the country to witness the industrial development that has taken place.

the following are Significance of tourism to Switzerland

  • Earns the country foreign exchange which is used to finance development.
  • The country earns revenue through taxation and direct fee collection.
  • Creates employment in both Switzerland.
  • It has encouraged development of other industries e.g. banking, insurance and transport.
  • Has opened up unproductive areas for development e.g. glaciated landscapes.
  • Switzerland has gained good international reputation and fame through tourism

Effects of Tourism in Switzerland

Positive Effects

  • Foreign Exchange earning
  • Local revenue
  • Source of employment
  • Training
  • Promotion of diplomacy/international relations
  • Environmental conservation

Negative Effects

Mountain landscape limit expansion
Environmental pollution

Similarities in the tourism sector between Kenya and Switzerland

  • Both have many hotels and lodges in major urban centres and cities within the tourists’ attractions for accommodation of tourists.

  • Both have snow capped mountain peaks with permanent glaciers that are popular with tourists.
  • Both experience political stability and relative peace that promote tourism.
  • Both have many waterfalls (Switzerland – associated with hanging valleys, In Kenya along the major river courses) that attract tourists.
  • Package tours are encouraged and organised in both the countries to make travel and accommodation fairly cheaper for the tourists.
  • Both have national parks with a variety of plants and animals in their natural settings.
  • Both countries embrace domestic, international and ecotourism.
  • Both countries have health spas with mineral water which people consider to cure certain ailments. In Switzerland they are at Mt. Moritz and in Kenya at L. Bogoria
  • In both countries tourists visit all year round.
  • In both counties tourism sector earns a significant fraction of foreign exchange

Comparison between tourism in Kenya and Switzerland