11 Differences in the tourism sector between Kenya and Switzerland

  • Switzerland receives more tourists and thus earns more revenue compared to Kenya.
  • Kenya has a variety of scenery and landscape with physical features e.g. the Rift Valley, lakes, mountains, lakes, plains and rivers while in Switzerland, the Alps is the main physical feature that attracts tourists.

  • Kenya’s only snow-capped mountain (Mt. Kenya) is too high and steep thus less suitable for mountain sports while the Swiss has large and smooth slopes covered with snow during winter for such sports.
11 Differences in the tourism sector between Kenya and Switzerland
  • Kenya has a seafront with warm waters for sun/sand bathing, swimming, surfing, and yachting whereas Switzerland is landlocked – lacks a sea front/has no access to beaches and associated sports.
  • In Switzerland domestic tourism is more pronounced than in Kenya due to high levels of income.
  • In Kenya animals are kept in game parks while in Switzerland they are kept in zoos
  • Switzerland has winter sports such as skiing and ice-skating which Kenya lacks.

  • Kenya is richer in traditional culture than Switzerland due to its many ethnic groups.
  • Kenya has tropical wildlife such as the elephant, cheetah, lion etc. which Switzerland lacks
  • Kenya’s climate is warm throughout the year while Switzerland experiences warm summers and cold winters.
  • Kenya has more physical features which attract tourists than Switzerland e.g. Rift valley, lakes, mountains



  • NIGER has earned foreign exchange in form of invisible export from thousands of tourists who visit the country from Europe, Asia and from other continents due to her tourist potentials. Such income has been used to rehabilitate roads, set up heath units, etc.

  • The industry has provided employment opportunities to many people of NIGER such as those working in Hotel like Serena, tour and travel agencies, game guides. This has earned income to workers and thus improved standards of living.
  • It has led to the conservation of wildlife of flora and fauna through gazetting and restricting of areas. this has helped to modify NIGER’s climate by forests and protecting her heritage for future generation.
  • Tourism facilitate the development of important infrastructure such as airfield, health units, lodges for tourist accommodation. These have led to the development of NIGER.
  • It has promoted and reflected the cultural heritage of NIGER i.e. historical sites, museums, cultural sites, all protect NIGER’s image abroad.

  • Tourism has led to the development of the craft industry and agricultural sector through providing market to the products of such sectors. This means the provision of more jobs and income from craft industry thus improved the living standards of the people of NIGER.
  • Tourism has led to the diversification of NIGER’s economy from over dependence on the agricultural sector. This has resulted into increased foreign exchange used to set up schools and health centers thus NIGER’s development.
  • It has improved on international relationship between NIGER and the countries like Norway, Germany and Britain, where tourists come from. This has helped NIGER to become politically stable.
  • Training of skilled man power like hotel attendants, game guides, etc.
  • Government revenue through taxing tourist transport companies, tourists hotels, etc.
  • Growth of urban centers



Namibia is a newly independent country but the tourism sector has grown very fast within a short period of time. Incidentally, tourism is the 3rd largest contributor to the gross domestic product after mining and agriculture

here is the Importance of tourism to Namibia 

  • It has led to the preservation and boosting of the country’s cultural values and norms
  • It has stimulated the further development of infrastructure
  • It has promoted the move toward environmental conservation in the country with the aim of maintaining the country’s beauty
  • It has contributed to the employment creation in the country
  • It has contributed to the gross domestic product. It is the third contributor to the GDP after mining and agriculture
  • Social services have improved in the country, especially with the introduction of the community-based tourism
  • Tourism has earned Namibia an international repute. It has led to the formation of the people’s lives in general

Tourists resorts in Namibia

The tourist resort in Namibia includes Cape gross seal reserve, Caprivi Game Park, Daan Viljeon park, Duwisib castle, Etosha national park, Fish river canyon, Gross barmen hot spring resort etc.

10 Factors that have Contributed to the tourism growth in Namibia

Tourism in Namibia has grown significantly in recent years. In 2019, the country received over 2.3 million international tourists, up from 1.5 million in 2010.

Namibia is a newly independent country but the tourism sector has grown very fast within a short period of time.

Incidentally, tourism is the 3rd largest contributor to the gross domestic product after mining and agriculture

The following are factors that have contributed to the tourism growth in Namibia 

Strong policy on promoting the tourism industry

The Namibian government has a strong policy on promoting the tourism industry. This includes providing financial assistance to tourism businesses, developing infrastructure, and marketing Namibia as a tourist destination.

Favorable investment potential

Namibia has a favorable investment potential for tourism businesses. This is due to the country’s stable political environment, its well-developed infrastructure, and its abundant natural resources.

Influence of the development of other activities

The development of other activities, such as mining and agriculture, has also facilitated the development of tourism in Namibia. This is because these activities have created jobs and infrastructure that can be used by tourists.

Aid from European countries

The aid from European countries has also enhanced the tourism development process in Namibia. This aid has been used to develop infrastructure, such as roads and airports, and to promote Namibia as a tourist destination.

Variety of tourist attractions

Namibia has a variety of tourist attractions, including wildlife, scenery, and cultural attractions. This diversity makes Namibia a popular destination for tourists from all over the world.

Safe and stable environment

Namibia is a safe and stable environment for tourists. This is due to the country’s low crime rate and its political stability.

Good infrastructure

Namibia has good infrastructure, including roads, airports, and hotels. This makes it easy for tourists to travel around the country and to find accommodation.

Promotion by the government and private sectors

The Namibian government and the private sectors have been promoting tourism in Namibia through various marketing campaigns. These campaigns have been successful in raising awareness of Namibia as a tourist destination.

Improved access to Namibia

There has been an improvement in access to Namibia in recent years. This is due to the development of new airports and the introduction of direct flights from major cities in Europe and Africa.

Changing travel trends

There has been a change in travel trends in recent years, with more people interested in eco-tourism and adventure tourism. Namibia is well-positioned to capitalize on these trends due to its diverse natural environment.

Well-developed infrastructure has facilitated easy accessibility of different places in Namibia.

Namibia has a well-developed road network, which makes it easy to get around the country. The country also has an international airport in Windhoek, the capital city. This makes it easy for tourists to fly into Namibia and start their vacation.

There are a lot of attractions which include:- Climate endowed with beautiful sunshine, Abundant wildlife in the game reserves like hardtop and mahango game reserves, national parks like the Etosha and Malili national park, Caprivi Aaan and Viljoen game parks.

Namibia is a beautiful country with a variety of attractions. The climate is mild year-round, with plenty of sunshine. The country is also home to a variety of wildlife, including elephants, lions, rhinos, and giraffes. This makes Namibia a popular destination for safaris and other wildlife viewing activities.

The establishment of the Namibia stock exchange [NSX] that has attracted foreign investors, has been another contributing factor in the tourism development.

The Namibia Stock Exchange (NSX) was established in 1992. It has attracted foreign investors, which has helped to boost the economy and create jobs. This has also led to an increase in tourism, as more people have the money to travel.

The hard work made by both the public and private sector. The private sector has invested substantially in the development of infrastructure.

Both the public and private sectors have worked hard to promote tourism in Namibia. The government has invested in infrastructure, such as roads and airports. The private sector has invested in tourism-related businesses, such as hotels, lodges, and tour operators.

The government’s commitment to sustainable tourism development.

The Namibian government is committed to sustainable tourism development. This means that tourism is developed in a way that protects the environment and benefits local communities. The government has put in place a number of policies and regulations to promote sustainable tourism.

The country’s diverse cultures and languages.

Namibia is a multi-cultural country with 13 official languages. This diversity is one of the country’s attractions. Tourists can learn about different cultures and languages while they are in Namibia.

The country’s rich history and heritage.

Namibia has a rich history and heritage. Tourists can visit historical sites, such as the ruins of the German colonial town of Kolmanskop, or learn about the country’s struggle for independence.

The country’s friendly people.

Namibians are known for being friendly and welcoming. This makes tourists feel welcome and comfortable in the country.

The country’s safety and security.

Namibia is a safe and secure country. Tourists can feel confident that they will be safe while they are in the country.

The country’s competitive prices.

Namibia is a relatively affordable destination. This makes it a good value for tourists.

These are just some of the factors that have contributed to the tourism growth in Namibia. The country is a beautiful and diverse destination with a lot to offer visitors. It is no wonder that tourism is one of the main economic drivers in Namibia.


Tourist attraction sites in Ethiopia

The geographical and cultural diversities combined with various historical sites have endowed Ethiopia with different flora and fauna, historical sites, land forms
and cultural mosaics that made it to be one centers of attractions in the continent

Ethiopia has high potential resource for tourism, but it is still underdeveloped because of the following factors

I. Low promotion works
II. Low level of modern means of transport and communication
III. Shortage of modern and international standard hotels
IV. Lack of shopping facilities for tourists

V. Lack of entertaining facilities etc

The existing tourism sector still contributes the following for the national economy

I. Promotion of foreign exchange earnings
II. Creation of new job opportunities
III. Generation of taxes for government revenue
IV. Promotion of Ethiopia’s contact with the outside world etc ………..

people walking in front of brown concrete building
Photo by Lan Yao on Pexels.com

Tourist attraction sites in Ethiopia

A. Historical/cultural sites: most of the sites are found in the northern part of the country such as Axum, Gondar and Lallibela with their Obelisks, rock hewns and splendid palaces.

Monastries around Lake Tana

The oldest mosque of Nejashi in Tigray

The walled city of Harar

Melka kunture south east of Addis etc

B. Landscape/geographical sites: Ras Dejen (Semen), Blue Nile fall (Tis Isat fall) near Bahir Dar, Lake Tana and Blue Nile Source caves of sof – umer and Rift valley lakes etc



Switzerland is a landlocked country in Central Europe. It lies astride the Alps Mountain Ranges.

It has been a great tourist nation since the 18th Century.

Major Tourist Attractions in Switzerland


The Swiss landscape comprises of many mountains with smooth slopes and valleys e.g. the Alps.

These attract tourists interested in mountain climbing, sight-seeing and in winter sports e.g. skiing.

Other features that are related to the mountains include the hanging valleys and waterfalls that are of scenic beauty to tourists.

Swiss National Park

Switzerland has a big national park with varied plant and animal species that attract tourists.


There are several glaciated lakes with clear blue waters that are beautiful to see and popular for sport fishing, sailing and swimming.

Variety of climate

Switzerland experiences both winter and summer climates that facilitate various activities that the tourists can participate in e.g. mountain climbing, sport fishing and swimming during summer and skating & skiing in winter.

Health spas

These are mineral springs that people consider to cure certain ailments.

Also, the varied climate is conducive for people suffering from certain diseases hence popular for tourists.

Hike & Bike facilities

Swiss has a unique network of hiking trails covering the whole country with paths that are well marked and maintained.

These are found in the lowlands and within the mountains also.

There are also trails for mountain biking, golfing and river rafting.

Advanced technology

Switzerland has well-developed industries and well-developed infrastructure

some people visit the country to witness the industrial development that has taken place.

the following are Significance of tourism to Switzerland

  • Earns the country foreign exchange which is used to finance development.
  • The country earns revenue through taxation and direct fee collection.
  • Creates employment in both Switzerland.
  • It has encouraged development of other industries e.g. banking, insurance and transport.
  • Has opened up unproductive areas for development e.g. glaciated landscapes.
  • Switzerland has gained good international reputation and fame through tourism

Effects of Tourism in Switzerland

Positive Effects

  • Foreign Exchange earning
  • Local revenue
  • Source of employment
  • Training
  • Promotion of diplomacy/international relations
  • Environmental conservation

Negative Effects

Mountain landscape limit expansion
Environmental pollution


Tourism is the practice for travelling for purposes of leisure, curiosity or study.

Tourism is the leading invisible export of East Africa and it is one of the major foreign exchange earners for the governments. 

Tourist attractions in East Africa include:

  • Wildlife: this includes animals, vegetation, and birds i.e. flora and fauna e.g. zebras, hippos, lions, flamingos, crocodiles, savannah vegetation, tropical forests e.t.c. these are conserved in national parks, game parks, game reserves like Queen Elizabeth, Serengeti, Kidepo Valley, Masai Mara, Mkomazi, and Tsavo. N.B wildlife is the most important tourist attraction in East Africa.
  • Climate and other resources attached to it e.g. sports, sunbathing, conducive situations of swimming e.t.c. East Africa has got a number of climate types e.g. savannah, equatorial, Semi-arid, Swamp, and Montane climate.
  • Relief features like high mountains e.g. Kilimanjaro, Kenya, and Rwenzori with snow at the top, and the rift valley plains.

  • Historical sites e.g. Nyero rock paintings in Kumi, Kasubi tombs, Olduvai Gorge, and Fort Jesus at Mombasa e.t.c.
  • Culture e.g. East Africa has got a number of cultures based on the different tribes e.g. the Masai, kiganda culture where people exhibit their cultures in different ways of dressing, eating.
  • Drainage systems e.g. East Africa have got a number of drainage systems ranging from lakes like Victoria and rivers e.g. Rufigi, Nile, and Tana.

The following are Factors favoring the development of tourism industries in East Africa

  • The region is endowed with a variety of tourist attractions such as wildlife, drainage features, historical sites, and coastal landforms which all attract foreign tourists.
  • Peace and stability especially in Kenya and Tanzania and some parts of Uganda which have ensured that the tourists are sure of their safety.
  • Improvement in the transport network system especially roads, waterways, and air transport has facilitated the easy movement of tourists to their areas of interest.

  • Increased level of advertisement to outside countries is being done through embassies abroad through international Television channels, magazines, radios which have made tourists aware of what is in East Africa.
  • Local people of East Africa provide good hospitality for the tourists which also attracts foreign visitors because they are assured of good care and warm welcome.

  • Improvement in the accommodation facilities e.g. hotels, lodges, and guest houses which have provided residential services to tourists.
  • Increased level of education given to the local people have created more awareness and appreciations for the tourism industries e.g. courses related to tourism have been introduced at different institutions within East Africa e.g. Bachelor of Leisure and Hospitality Management.

  • Presence of adequate capital from local and foreign individuals to invest in the sector e.g. for construction of hotels.
  • Favourable government policy that encourages investment in tourism e.g. liberalization of the tourist sector, low taxation and increased subsidization of investors in the tourism sector.
  • Availability of enough skilled and unskilled labour force to work in the industry e.g. hotel managers and game rangers.


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