The distribution of rocks in Kenya is diverse and influenced by various geological processes and historical events. Kenya is located in the eastern part of Africa and encompasses different geological regions, each characterized by distinct rock formations. Here is a general overview of the distribution of rocks in Kenya:
- Coastal Region: Along the Kenyan coast, the dominant rocks are sedimentary in nature. Sandstone, limestone, and coral rock formations are prevalent in this region. The coastal areas are known for their sandy beaches, cliffs, and coral reefs.
- Eastern Plateau: The eastern part of Kenya, including the Eastern Rift Valley, is characterized by volcanic and volcaniclastic rocks. This region is marked by volcanic activity, resulting in the formation of basalt flows, tuff deposits, and volcanic cones. Mount Kenya, an extinct stratovolcano, is the highest peak in Kenya and is located in this region.
- Rift Valley System: The Great Rift Valley runs through the western part of Kenya and is associated with a wide range of rock formations. This region showcases diverse geology, including volcanic rocks, sedimentary deposits, and ancient lake beds. The Rift Valley is known for its stunning landscapes, such as Lake Turkana, Lake Nakuru, and the famous Hell’s Gate National Park.
- Central Highlands: The central highlands of Kenya are composed of ancient Precambrian metamorphic and igneous rocks. These rocks have undergone intense heat and pressure, resulting in the formation of gneisses, granites, and schists. This region is also home to the Aberdare Range and the Ngong Hills.
- Western Kenya: The western part of Kenya is characterized by a mixture of sedimentary, volcanic, and metamorphic rocks. The area around Lake Victoria is known for its volcanic rocks, while parts of western Kenya have sedimentary deposits that contain valuable resources such as oil, gas, and minerals.
It’s important to note that the distribution of rocks in Kenya is not limited to the regions mentioned above, and there may be variations and overlaps in rock types within different geological areas. The geological diversity of Kenya provides a rich foundation for various landforms, natural resources, and landscapes throughout the country.