POPULATION AND DEVELOPMENT

3 methods of obtaining population data

NASA Student Launch 2014: The Crowd Awaits (NASA, 05/17/14)

There are three conventional sources of obtaining population data namely census, sample surveyand vital registration. The most important source of population information (demographic data) that enables us to understand the population growth rate and its trends in a country is a census. Census A census could be defined as the total process of collecting, compiling …

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POPULATION THEORIES

Richmond Bridge in August. The population cooling down.

Various scholars have attempted to explain the relationships that exist between population and factors such as resources, economy, politics, and other social issues. Modern population theory is generally thought to have evolved in the late-eighteenth century, in the writings of Malthus. Considering views about the relationship between population growth and socio-economic, political, and environmental factors, …

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7 CAUSES OF HIGH POPULATION DENSITY

7 CAUSES OF HIGH POPULATION DENSITY

POPULATION DENSITY refers to the number of people living in an area per square km. In East Africa, some places have got high population density while others have got low population density. Causes of high population density (why some areas have high population e.g. Shores of Lake Victoria, Kabale, Mbale and along the coast) Hot …

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9 CAUSES OF LOW POPULATION DENSITY

9 CAUSES OF LOW POPULATION DENSITY

POPULATION DENSITY refers to the number of people living in an area per square km. In East Africa, some placeslike Nairobi, Kilimanjaro region and around lake Victoria have got high population density while other places like dodoma and rukwa regions in Tanzania and northern part of Kenya have got low population density Causes of low …

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9 DISADVANTAGES OF LARGE POPULATION SIZE

9 DISADVANTAGES OF LARGE POPULATION SIZE

The following are the Disadvantages of large population size Shortage of land for settlement and farming leading to land fragmentation. Shortage of social services e.g. schools and hospitals. High government expenditure to provide social services for the people. High dependency ratio since much of the population is made up of children hence reducing investments and …

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INFORMATION THAT CAN BE DERIVED FROM POPULATION PYRAMID

INFORMATION THAT CAN BE DERIVED FROM POPULATION PYRAMID

Population pyramid are used to show population structure for cities and countries The following are Information that can be derived from a population pyramid: The size of the population The different age groups/ cohorts. The proportion of males to females The composition of sex. The proportion of youthful/ working/ageing/dependency ratio.     

9 PROBLEMS RESULTING FROM HIGH POPULATION GROWTH RATE IN EAST AFRICAN COUNTRIES

9 PROBLEMS RESULTING FROM HIGH POPULATION GROWTH RATE IN EAST AFRICAN COUNTRIES

The following are problems that result from the high population growth rate in the East African countries. The rate of population growth is higher than the rate at which job opportunities are generated leading to high unemployment. The high demand for social amenities caused by a high population growth rate leads to congestion in schools, …

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