11 PROBLEMS FACING FARMERS IN MWEA IRRIGATION SCHEME




The following are Problems facing farmers in Mwea irrigation scheme

  • Stagnant ware encourages its breeding of snails and mosquitoes increasing incidences of   Bilharzia and malaria                                           
  • Quelea birds which feed on rice grain lowers drop yield
  • Siltation in canals reduces capacity to hold enough water for irrigation
  • Fluctuating water volumes reduces water for irrigation
  • Poor marketing strategies




  • Delayed payment to farmers lowers their morale – Shortage of capital to finance farming activities such as plough

8 CONDITIONS THAT MADE MWEA SUITABLE FOR ESTABLISHMENT OF IRRIGATION SCHEME




The following conditions that made Mwea suitable for the establishment of an irrigation scheme

  • Sparse population making it easy and cheap to resettle people. sparse and low population made it easy to compensate the people who were living in the area.
  • Land availability due to low population
  • Gently sloping topography enabling gravity flow of water
  • Presence of perennial rivers Thiba and Nyarnindi provided adequate water all year.
  • The Mwea plains have black cotton soil suitable for rice farming as it retains water.
  • The area receives inadequate (poorly distributed) rainfall, hence unsuitable for rainfed agriculture.




  • The land is gently sloping hence gravity flow of water in the channels.
  • The area has high temperatures hence low pest and disease incidence.
  • The undulating relief is suitable for mechanization.
  • Need to engage political detainees 1950’s.
  • To create land to settle those whose lands were taken by white settlers.
  • The plains were sparsely populated.
The following conditions that made Mwea suitable for the establishment of an irrigation scheme