.MUSEUMS: These are places or buildings where information and objects are preserved it involves all terms, which show culture,political-economic and technological development from the past to the present.
Objects can be early coins, clothes, mineral cowries, or religious and ceremonial symbols. Museums can be national, Regional, District and village.e.g. National Museums in DaresSalaam, Bagamoyo, Butiama, Kalenga Iringa.
FUNCTIONS OF MUSEUMS
Preserve historical documents and objects: Museums are responsible for preserving historical documents and objects for future generations. This includes artifacts from different cultures and time periods, as well as documents that record important events in history. Museums use a variety of techniques to preserve these items, such as storage in controlled environments, conservation, and restoration.
Shows concrete remains of objects: Museums also show concrete remains of objects. This includes fossils, archaeological finds, and other objects that provide evidence of the past. These objects can help us learn about the history of our planet, the evolution of life, and the cultures of different peoples.
It is a place for tourist and study tours: Museums are also a popular destination for tourists and study tours. People come to museums to learn about history, art, and culture. Museums offer a variety of educational programs and activities, such as lectures, workshops, and guided tours.
It is the center of cultural and national identity: Museums can also be a center of cultural and national identity. They can help us to understand our own culture and the cultures of other people. Museums can also promote pride in our heritage and traditions.
ADVANTAGES OF MUSEUMS
It preserves objects, which are used as teaching aids.
Museums preserve objects that are important to our history and culture. These objects can be used as teaching aids to help people learn about the past. For example, a museum might have a collection of dinosaur fossils that can be used to teach children about dinosaurs.
Museums also provide educational resources for students of all ages. They offer tours, workshops, and other programs that help students learn about different cultures and historical periods. These programs can be a valuable supplement to classroom learning.
The museum preserves culture and national identity.
Museums play an important role in preserving culture and national identity. They collect and exhibit objects that represent the history and traditions of a particular culture or country. This helps to keep these cultures alive and helps people to understand their own heritage.
For example, a museum in Japan might have a collection of traditional Japanese artifacts, such as kimonos, swords, and scrolls. This collection helps to preserve Japanese culture and identity.
It used by the researcher (source of information).
Museums are a valuable resource for researchers. They provide access to a wide variety of objects and information, which can be used to study different aspects of history, culture, and science.
For example, a researcher who is studying the history of fashion might visit a museum to see its collection of clothing from different eras. This collection can provide valuable insights into the evolution of fashion over time.
It acts as a tourist centre.
Museums are popular tourist destinations. They offer visitors a unique opportunity to learn about different cultures and historical periods.
Many museums offer special exhibits and events that are designed to appeal to tourists. For example, a museum might have an exhibit on the history of a particular city or region. This exhibit can help tourists to learn about the city’s past and its unique culture.
People learn about technological development.
Museums can also be used to learn about technological development. They often have exhibits on different technologies, such as transportation, communication, and manufacturing. These exhibits can help people to understand how technology has changed over time and how it has impacted our lives.
For example, a museum might have an exhibit on the history of the automobile. This exhibit can help people to learn about how the automobile has evolved from its early days to the modern car.
Enable learners to arouse creativity.
Museums can also help learners to arouse creativity. They provide a stimulating environment where people can explore different ideas and perspectives. This can help people to think more creatively and to come up with new ideas.
For example, a museum might have an exhibit on the history of art. This exhibit can help people to learn about different art styles and techniques. This can help people to develop their own creative skills.
Overall, museums offer a variety of benefits. They preserve objects, preserve culture and national identity, are used by researchers, act as tourist centres, help people learn about technological development, and enable learners to arouse creativity.
DISADVANTAGES OF MUSEUMS
It needs knowledgeable people
Museums are responsible for preserving and interpreting artifacts and exhibits. This requires a team of knowledgeable people, including curators, conservators, educators, and security guards. These professionals need to have a deep understanding of the artifacts and exhibits, as well as the ability to communicate this information to the public.
It is possible to distort information through biases by the museum attendant
Museum attendants are responsible for providing information to visitors. However, they may also introduce their own biases into the interpretation of the exhibits. This can happen unintentionally, as a result of the attendant’s own experiences and perspectives. It can also happen intentionally, if the attendant is trying to promote a particular viewpoint.
Poor preservation of past items e.g. coins, pieces of cloth, and slaves chain can distort information
Museums are responsible for preserving artifacts and exhibits. However, this can be a challenge, as some materials are more fragile than others. For example, coins can corrode over time, and pieces of cloth can fade. If artifacts are not properly preserved, they can be damaged or destroyed, which can distort the information they contain.
It needs extensive care to maintain its beauty or origin
Museums need to take extensive measures to maintain the beauty and origin of their artifacts and exhibits. This includes controlling the environment, such as temperature and humidity, and using protective materials. It also requires regular cleaning and maintenance. These measures can be expensive and time-consuming.