The Great trek increased on the whites’ population into the interior of South Africa i.e. both the British and the Boers.
The Great trek led to the establishment of the Boers republic in the interior of South Africa like Transvaal, Orange Free State and Natal.
The Great trek led to the mistreatment of the Africans since they treated them as second-class citizens by the whites more especially the Boers.
The Great trek led to increased wars between the trekking Boers and the Africans e.g. the battle of Vegkop, battle of Blood River, Moshoeshoe and the Boers.
The Africans lost their lives during the conflicts with the whites like the conflicts between the Boers and Dingane resulted into many Africans left dead.
There was depopulation was caused by the constant wars fought between the Boers and Dingane the leader of the Zulu people.
The Ndebele lost land to the Boers after their defeat at the battle of Vegkop by Boers who later took over the Ndebele land.
The Bapedi lost land to the Boers after their defeat in the Pedi resistance of 1861 against the Boer trekkers.
There was the displacement of many Africans from their original land by the Boers and later the British like the Ndebele and the Basotho people.
The Zulu under the leadership of Dingane lost 17,000 herds of cattle to the Boers and this left them in a state of absolute poverty.
Africans lost their independence to the Boers in the interior of South Africa like the Ndebele after the battle of Vegkop, the Zulu after the battle of Blood River.
There was increased exploitation of African labour by the Boers who paid them little or nothing for the labour offered on their farms by the Africans.
There was decline in agriculture production since Africans were not concentrating on agriculture activities, which led to famine in the interior.
The Africans lost their traditional culture since they adopted the western culture like western religion, dressing, education, etc. introduced by the whites.
The African traditional chiefs lost their powers and authority to the whites who became the rulers in the interior of South Africa.
The Great trek also led to the increased general insecurity because of the constant wars between the Africans and the whites who had come in the interior.
The Great trek intensified internal conflicts among the Africans like Dingane and his brother Mpande and this caused disunity among Africans.
The Great trek made Africans to acquire venereal western diseases through their contact with the whites.
The Great trek made Africans to acquire guns through their contact and this increased on the insecurity within the interior of South Africa.
The Great trek made African languages put in writing and this promoted African literature in the interior of South Africa.
The white communities in the interior of South Africa weakened many African states economically following their dominations.
Some Africans began to collaborate with the trekking Boers against the fellow Africans and this undermined the development of nationalism e.g. chief Moroka.
Because of the establishment of commercialized farms by the whites, Africans provided cheap labour on the Boers farms thus created a master slave situation.
Racial discrimination and segregation extended into the interior and promoted by the Boers living many Africans in a state of misery