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Is geography hard?

Geography is study of man in relation to his environment.

Geography is studied all over the world and it comprise of physical geography, human geography and practical geography

Geography is a hard subject given that you will have to understand a lot of concepts related to all branches of geography
Photo by Artem Beliaikin on Pexels.com

Geography is a hard subject given that you will have to understand a lot of concepts related to all branches of geography and those from other subjects. For example to understand the composition of rocks and process of oxidation in the weathering process you will to have knowledge of chemistry.

Geography is interdisciplinary subject cutting across subjects such as physics, chemistry, biology, sociology and history

To sum up, I can say that geography is great subject and you will enjoy studying it as long as you put some effort in class.



Describe the eight problems associated with human population in east Africa


Evaluate eight priority areas of the explicit population policy in Tanzania


(a) Briefly explain the following concepts

  1. mortality
  2. gender
  3. aging population
  4. age specific fertility rate

(b)give six reasons why the death rates in many parts of the world have become low?


Analyze eight problems facing the mining industry in Africa.


Describe five environmental problems caused by forestry and give four possible ways for forest sustainability.


Describe six factors that make the fishing industry in Russia to be highly developed


Elaborate four problems facing cassava production in Tanzania and suggest four ways which can be used to promote this crop


“Tanzania has great potentiality to iron and steel industry” Identify these potentials and explain seven steps which should be taken  by Tanzania in developing iron and steel industry



  1. a)   differentiate the following statistical concept;
  •        Inferential statistics and descriptive statistics

  b) the form five students’ scores in geography subject at Nganza s.s were as follows  

20 -292
20- 398
40 – 4910
50 – 5916
60- 696
70 – 791
  •  Calculate standard deviation
  •   What are disadvantages of grouped data?

2. a) Explain the types of vertical aerial photographs

b) Describe why aerial photographs appear difficult in interpretation.  

a)      distinguish the following research concepts ·       

  • research proposal and research report. ·     
  • Qualitative research and quantitative research ·       
  • Data collection and data analysis ·       
  • Population and sample

b)      What are three advantages and disadvantages of sampling technique?  

3. Describe five causes of plate tectonics movement and prove its existence by providing four pieces of evidence.

4. Explain the values of volcanism for the development of the society. Give eight points.  

5. To what extent is river basin development both advantageous and disastrous?  

6. Describe the factors that control the global distribution of plant communities.  

7. Analyses six properties to be considered when studying soil profile at the field



The following are geography review questions covering human geography concepts and can be used by students preparing for national exams and those who are looking to test their knowledge on human geography.

1. Examine eight factors, which lead to the growth of settlement in different parts of the world.
2. Describe natural and human causes of loss of biodiversity.
3. In order to achieve economic development, transport and communication are inevitable. describe the significance of transportation in developing countries.

4  a)What is the research problem
    b)Name four sources of the research problem
    c)Explain four characteristics of the research problem
5. Despite having large lakes and rivers in the East Africa fishing industry is not well developed. discuss
6. Write short notes on the following
    a) population structure
   b) population pressure
  c) population explosion
  d) life expectancy
  e) fertility
  f) fecundity
 g) infant mortality rate
 h) child mortality rate
8 a) State the advantages of air photography over the map
   b) State the difference between map and photograph

9. a) Explain the causes and effects of soil acidity
    b) What are methods used to manage soil affected by salt

10. What is the role of climate and parent material on the formation and development of the soil

11. the topography of the land is a single major factor that controls soil catena. discuss

12. Describe the role of climate in soil profile development

13. Explain the view that “soil is the product of their environment”

14. Account for causes of the waterfall.

15. Explain the weather associated with tropical cyclone

16. Explain the causes of condensation

17. Account for the structural development of spring

18. What is the importance of soil PH  to farmers.

19.  give characteristics of ocean currents.

20. Show the advantage and disadvantages of a geological time scale.

21. Examine the characteristics of Mediterranean vegetation

22. Explain the various processes involved in soil formation

23. With specific examples, enumerate nine (9) importance of the river in Africa.

24. Discuss the environmental effects of greenhouse effects and global warming.
25. Justify the sphericity of the planet earth with vivid evidence 

26. Classify igneous rock according to the place of occurrence and chemical composition

27. write an essay on the atmospheric heat budget

28. Attempt a classification of lakes according to their mode of formation

29. .Describe the main characteristics of the equatorial rainforest and deciduous forest

30. Give am account on coastal features related to the emergence and submergence of the coastline

31. The variation in the river volume is an inevitable circumstance .discuss

32. Using vivid examples explain the causes and effects of earthquakes
33. What is meant by the lapse rate? in what ways the study of lapse rate  assist in understanding the   weather

34. To what extent is water erosion responsible  for the development of desert landforms

35. What evidence is there to indicate that the important changes in sea level have occurred during and since the ice age? suggest the possible reasons

36. With reference discuss the relationship between drainage patterns and geological features.

37. What are the chief factors that determine the character of coasts?

38. Compare the effects of glaciation upon upland and lowland areas.

39. Discuss the landforms and the factors involved in the development of the cross profile of the river.

40. Explain the condition needed in the atmosphere for condensation and precipitation to take place.

41. Discuss the main characteristics of the monsoon climate.

42. Give an explanation of the weather phenomena resulting from atmospheric instability.

43. The formation of volcanoes in terms of the development of landforms result from igneous activity. do you agree with this statement?

44. What is meant by the term ”rejuvenation” giving a reasoned account of pieces of evidence that indicate a part change of sea level.

45. Briefly describe the world distribution of coral reefs. what is the problem posed by their origin?

46. To what extent is wind responsible for the formation of landforms.

47. Name and describe features associated with faulting

48. Man especially in third world countries has gradually sown the seed of his own destruction through starvation by his continued actions in aiding soil erosion. comment on this statement and suggest how the problems of soil erosion can be checked.

49. Examine the nature and distribution of major world fold mountain systems.

50. Using diagrams explain the importance of structure in the formation of spring and wells

51. Distinguish between rock weathering and erosion.

52. Give an account of landforms resulting from the intrusive igneous activity.

53. Discuss the development of surface and subsurface features in the limestone region.

54. Discuss the concept of a graded river profile and briefly discuss the obstacle to attain this stage.

55.  With reference to named examples examine the features resulting from marine erosion.

56. How does air manage to rise? explain what atmospheric stability and instability mean and comment on their effect on weather conditions.
57. With reference to specific examples discuss the influence of ocean currents on the adjacent land areas.

58. Discuss the factors other than climate that influence the natural vegetation of the place.

59. Outline the principle results of soil leaching.
60.      Identify and explain the factors influencing the development of agriculture

61.      Account for agricultural success in North America and china

62.      Identify and explain the problems facing agriculture in China

63.      What lesson does Tanzania learn from agricultural success in China

64.      Give reason for agricultural failure in many African countries.

65.      Describe the role played by the climate in the weathering process.

66.      What is river capture? Describe the features due to river capture

67.      What are the merits and demerits of choropleth maps?

68.      Classify air masses

69.   With examples explain the conditions that produce geysers and hot springs

70.   Using the rock cycle explain the forces responsible for  the transformation of one rock type to another

71.   Define soil conservation and give an account of the farming system that  conserve soil

72.   “The theory of continental drift is irrelevant to African continent” discuss.

73.   Show the role of water in the weathering process.

74.   Justify the statement that “salinity in the ocean is the result of several causes”

75.   By giving examples attempt the classification of rock according to their mode of formation.

76.   Describe how soil porosity can be determined and explain its importance in to plant growth

77.   Very acidic or very alkaline soils are harmful to plant growth. Elucidate

78.   Explain the main characteristics of air masses in temperate region

79.   Classify the types of delta and show the conditions that determine the  formation of delta

80.   Providing examples describe and explain the causes and effects of earthquakes.

81.   “The present rate of population expansion in sub-Saharan Africa is unsustainable” critically analyses this statement.

82.   Discuss the factors influencing fertility regulation.

83.   The participation of Tanzania in different regional economic integration is detrimental to her economy” critically assess this contention.

84.   The creation of regional economic integration in Africa does not guarantee economic development. Discuss

85.   Using German as an example, describe the causes and effect of acid rain and state the measure which should be taken to rectify the problem of acid rain

86.   Outline the factors that have led to the successful fishing industry in Norway and Russia

87.   Discuss in details the hindrance against the agricultural sector in Tanzania     

88.    Examine the major limiting factors facing cattle ranching in Tanzania as alternative to nomadic system of cattle management

89.   What things developing countries in Africa can learn from Switzerland in developing the tourism sector

90.   “The task of defining the research problem often follow sequential pattern’. Explain

91.   ‘Soil are the product of their environment’. Discuss

92.   Show the existing relationship between population, development and environment and describe how do they influence each other

93.   Desertification is manmade phenomenon. Discuss

94.   Examine the factors for the development of the manufacturing industry in German

95.   Discuss the lesson Tanzania has learned from agricultural development in china

96.   Tanzania has an abundance of natural resources, however, those resources are not effectively utilized for national development. Why?

97.   Population in most less developed countries is not an opportunity for sustainable development. discuss

98.   While urbanization in developed countries was the sign of development, in less developed countries is the sign of poverty. Verify

99.   New east African community is still at infancy stage therefore it is too early to asses its achievement. However, there are impending problems that can be elaborated. Elucidate

100.   Climate of the place is the function of various factors. Substantiate.

102.   What are positive and negative effects of climate in human life

103.   What do you understand by the term climate change? Explain the major  causes of climate change
104.   Distinguish weathering and erosion as the agent of land sculpture


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