Here are ten potential ways to improve small scale agriculture:

  • Diversify crops: Planting a variety of crops can help protect against pests and diseases and can also provide a steadier income throughout the year.
  • Use sustainable farming practices: This can include using organic fertilizers, implementing crop rotation, and conserving water.

  • Invest in new technology: There are many new technologies, such as precision irrigation systems and weather monitoring systems, that can help small farmers improve efficiency and productivity.
  • Improve storage and transportation infrastructure: Poor storage and transportation can lead to significant losses for small farmers. Improving infrastructure in these areas can help farmers get a better price for their crops.
  • Join a cooperative: Cooperatives can help small farmers negotiate better prices and access credit and other resources.
  • Invest in education and training: Small farmers can benefit from learning new techniques and best practices to improve their operations.
  • Improve access to credit: Small farmers often struggle to access credit, which can limit their ability to invest in their operations. Programs and policies that increase access to credit can be helpful.
  • Provide extension services: Extension services, which provide farmers with information and support, can be especially helpful for small farmers who may not have access to the latest research and techniques.

  • Develop value-added products: Small farmers can increase their income by processing raw products into value-added goods, such as jams and pickles.
  • Promote fair trade: Fair trade certification can help small farmers get a fair price for their crops and can also increase consumer demand for their products.




  • The mass killing of a group of people in an attempt to eliminate the entire group from existence.
  • Among other places, including former Yugoslavia, sub-Saharan Africa has been plagued by conflicts among ethnic groups that have resulted in genocide in recent years, especially in Sudan and in central Africa.


Key characteristics of genocide include:

  • Targeted group: Genocide focuses on a specific group defined by their shared characteristics, such as ethnicity, race, religion, nationality, or political affiliation. The targeted group is considered a threat or undesirable by the perpetrators.
  • Intent to destroy: Genocide involves the intent to destroy, in whole or in part, the targeted group. This destruction can take various forms, including killing members of the group, causing serious bodily or mental harm, imposing conditions leading to the group’s physical destruction, preventing births within the group, or forcibly transferring children to another group.
  • Systematic and organized: Genocide is characterized by a systematic and organized approach to carrying out mass violence. It is often planned and executed by state authorities, armed groups, or other entities with significant power and control.

  • Widespread and systematic nature: Genocide is not a random or isolated act of violence but is characterized by its widespread and systematic nature. It typically involves multiple incidents or acts targeting members of the group over an extended period.
  • Mass killings and atrocities: Genocide often includes mass killings, massacres, torture, rape, forced displacement, destruction of cultural and religious sites, and other forms of extreme violence. These acts aim to instill fear, eliminate the group, and eradicate its cultural, religious, and social identity.

Genocide is a grave violation of international law and is prohibited under the United Nations Genocide Convention adopted in 1948. The term “genocide” was coined in response to the Holocaust during World War II, but it has been applied to other historical cases such as the Armenian Genocide, the Rwandan Genocide, and the Bosnian Genocide.

The prevention, punishment, and prosecution of genocide are important priorities for the international community, aiming to protect vulnerable populations and promote justice, reconciliation, and the prevention of future atrocities.


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