Problems facing dairy farming in Kenya

  • Stiff competition from imported milk and milk products and from alternative land uses e.g. horticulture, tea and coffee
  • High incidences of pests and diseases e.g. ticks, foot and mouth, rinderpest that reduce the quality of dairy cattle thus low milk yield

  • High costs of farm inputs has limited and minimized the mechanization of the dairy farms.
  • Poor management of dairy cooperatives results to misappropriation of funds leading to delayed payments that lowers the farmers’ initiatives.
  • Prolonged and abrupt droughts that lower the quality/quantity of pasture resulting to low yields.
  • Poor roads that is impassable during the rainy season. This leads to delays in delivery of milk to the creameries


Dairy farming is a system of rearing cattle for milk and milk products.

Farmers in both Kenya and Denmark involve themselves in dairy farming but there are notable differences in how they conduct dairy farming.

The following are ways in which dairy farming in Kenya is different from dairy farming in Denmark:         

  • In Kenya, cattle mainly depend on natural growing grass/pasture whereas in Denmark the cattle is fed on fodder and commercial feeds 
  • In Kenya mechanization is limited/mainly labour intensive whereas in Denmark mechanization is widely used 
  • In Kenya, most farmers practice mixed farming while in Denmark dairy farming is highly specialized 
  • In Kenya, most of the dairy products are consumed by the domestic market  
  • In Kenya, dairy production is affected by variation in a climate wherein in Denmark, dairy farming is least affected by variations in climate 
  • In Kenya, the dairy cooperative movement is less developed whereas In Denmark cooperative movement is highly developed 

  • In Kenya, artificial insemination/extension services is limited to a few farms whereas in Den mark artificial insemination /extension services are widely used
  • In Kenya animals graze outdoors throughout the year whereas in Denmark animals are kept in doors during winter;
  • In Kenya research is limited whereas in Denmark research is extensive; 
  • In Kenya, Dairy farming is mainly practiced in the high lands whereas in Denmark is found throughout the country.