The positive implications of an increasing population are:

  • Increased labour supply. As population increases, labour supply also increases as more and more people become available for employment at the existing wage

  • Wider market. As population increases, the number of consumers in an economy also increases. An increasing population therefore, provides a large and ready domestic market for goods produced both locally and imported.
  • Increases the rate of natural resource utilisation. Resources, especially land, that were previously under and unutilised (idle) are brought to use by the existing circulation.
  • Increased labour mobility. An increasing population prompts increased mobility of labour because of pressure on the existing resources in areas where population is increasing. Workers migrate from areas where there are shortages of factor inputs and wages are low to areas where co-operant factors are readily available and wages high.
  • Declining social per capita. The average cost of providing social infrastructures like roads, education and health per person falls as population size rises.
  • Increased innovations. The population becomes more innovative and inventive as they look for ways of increasing output using the limited available resources.
  • Strong national defence. An increasing population makes it possible for a sizeable proportion of the population to specialize in production and some labourers are committed to fulltime national defence.

  • Government is prompted by the increasing population to adopt appropriate policies such as land reforms, manpower planning and family planning to solve the problem



What is the population? The word population comes from the Latin word Populus meaning people. Population or human population refers to the total number of people found in a given area at a specified time

The following are the importance of population

  • It promotes the supply of labor that can be used in exploiting or harnessing the idle resources like minerals, land, water bodies etc
  • It can encourage or stimulate the diffusion of technology into the destination from other areas the people who migrate posses different skills of different environmental orientations these can be spread into destination and help in the utilization of local resources

  • Migration can lead to the expansion of market for the local goods in the destination regions
  • It can encourage the intensification of agricultural activities as a result of the reduction in the size of arable land.
  • It can stimulate the growth of towns (urbanization) and the associated advantages.
  • Development of strong defense against external enemies.
Image result for human population


%d bloggers like this: