Factors that have favored the development of the North West Atlantic Fishing Ground. Here is a summary of those factors:
Broad and Shallow Continental Shelf: The broad and shallow continental shelf in the North West Atlantic provides ideal conditions for the growth of plankton, which is a primary food source for fish. The abundance of plankton supports a thriving ecosystem and contributes to the presence of a variety of fish species.
Convergence of Currents: The convergence of the cold Labrador Current and the warm Gulf Stream Current in the North West Atlantic creates favorable water temperatures for plankton growth. This convergence also helps to prevent the formation of ice, allowing fishing activities to take place throughout the year.
Large Population and Market Demand: The dense population, particularly in the United States, provides a ready market for fish caught in the North West Atlantic. The proximity of the fishing grounds to populated areas allows for efficient distribution and trade of fish products.
Limited Agricultural Opportunities: The rugged landscape and cold climate in the immediate hinterland of the North West Atlantic fishing grounds may discourage extensive agricultural activities. As a result, fishing becomes an alternative economic activity for the local communities, providing employment and livelihood opportunities.
Advanced Technology and Fishing Industries: The presence of advanced technology, including highly developed shipbuilding and fishing industries, equips fishermen with modern vessels, gear, and preservation methods. This enables more efficient and productive fishing operations in the North West Atlantic.
Rich Fishery Resources: The North West Atlantic is known for its rich fishery resources, including a wide variety of commercially valuable fish species. These resources attract fishermen and fishing fleets to the area, as it offers the potential for high catches and economic gains.
Supportive Fishing Regulations: The implementation of effective fishing regulations and management practices by governments and international organizations has played a crucial role in sustaining the fishing industry in the North West Atlantic. Measures such as fishing quotas, seasonal closures, and gear restrictions help ensure the long-term viability of fish stocks and promote sustainable fishing practices.
Research and Scientific Knowledge: Extensive research and scientific knowledge about the marine ecosystem in the North West Atlantic have contributed to the understanding of fish behavior, migration patterns, and stock assessments. This information helps guide fishing practices, allowing for better decision-making and sustainable management of the fishery resources.
Infrastructure and Support Services: The development of infrastructure and support services, such as fishing ports, processing facilities, cold storage, and transportation networks, has facilitated the efficient handling, processing, and distribution of fish caught in the North West Atlantic. This infrastructure supports the growth and economic viability of the fishing industry.
Collaboration and International Cooperation: The North West Atlantic Fishing Ground is shared by multiple countries, including the United States, Canada, and several European nations. Collaborative efforts and international cooperation among these countries have helped in managing shared fishery resources, resolving conflicts, and promoting sustainable fishing practices.
These factors, combined with other ecological and economic considerations, have contributed to the development and success of the North West Atlantic Fishing Ground as a productive and economically important fishing region.
They should encourage and facilitate the establishment of fish farms. this ensure that fish supply increase and the price decrease leading to conservation of fishing grounds and strengthening of community health. fish farming also help the low income families to earn income and this can help them reduce the use of harmful method of fishing such as the use of small size nets and use of chemicals in fishing
They ban indiscriminate fishing and enforce the use of standardized net. to ensure sustainable fishing the african countries should enact strict laws which ban harmful fishing methods and regulate the fishing in their water bodies.
They should institute seasonal banning of fishing to allow breeding. to avoid overfishing especially in lakes and rivers the governments should make sure that there enough period of fish breeding to ensure sustainable fishing
They should start Issuing license to fisherman in order to control fishing. government to regulate the amount of fishing should ensure that they issue licences to fishermen so that only licensed fishermen can be allowed to fish. issuing licenses to fishermen also help governments to rise income which can be used to conserve fishing grounds and educate fishermen on sustainable ways of fishing.
They should dredge silted lakes. to ensure that there is enogh water for fish breeding the government should ensure the water bodies filled with silt are dredged.
They should establish and improve roads and other transport facilities to fisheries. fishes need to be transported to market and factories to be processed. therefore the government should ensure that there is roads and storage facilities which will ensure that the fishes from fishing point are transported to market and factories, this will increase market size therefore increase income earned by fishmen.
They should keep looking for exporting opportunities for fish. opportunities for exports increase market size of fish products, increase foreign currency to the country and increase the fishermen income in general.
They should encourage fish eating culture
They should establish the ministry dealing with fishing.
The factors that have favored fishing in Lake Victoria can be further expanded as follows:
Abundance of Plankton: Lake Victoria’s shallow waters provide ideal conditions for the growth and abundance of plankton. Plankton serves as a primary food source for many fish species, creating a rich feeding ground. The availability of plankton supports a healthy ecosystem and sustains a diverse population of fish in the lake.
Suitable Landing Sites: The presence of several beaches and highlands within Lake Victoria offers convenient and suitable landing sites for fish boats. These areas, such as Asembo and Mbita, provide easy access for fishermen to launch and dock their boats, facilitating fishing activities and ensuring efficient transportation of the catch to markets.
Large and Ready Market: Lake Victoria is surrounded by major towns and cities with dense populations, such as Kampala in Uganda, Kisumu in Kenya, and Mwanza in Tanzania. This proximity to urban centers creates a large and ready market for fish products. Fishermen can easily sell their catch to local consumers, fish markets, and fish processing industries, ensuring a consistent demand for their products.
Variety of Economically Valuable Species: Lake Victoria is home to a wide variety of fish species that have economic value. These include popular species like Nile perch, tilapia, catfish, and sardines. The presence of diverse fish species allows fishermen to target different types of fish, catering to various market preferences and increasing their potential for income generation.
Fish Eating Culture: The communities living around Lake Victoria have a long-standing tradition of consuming fish as a staple part of their diet. Fish is not only a source of nutrition but also holds cultural significance. The demand for fish as a traditional food item contributes to the sustained fishing activities and provides a reliable market for fishermen.
Fishermen Cooperatives: Many fishermen operating in Lake Victoria have formed cooperatives or associations to collectively address common challenges and enhance their marketing efforts. These cooperatives facilitate collaboration, pooling of resources, and collective bargaining power. By working together, fishermen can improve their access to markets, negotiate fair prices, and engage in value-added activities such as processing and branding, thereby increasing their profitability and sustainability.
Overall, the combination of favorable environmental conditions, proximity to markets, cultural preferences, and organized efforts among fishermen has contributed to the success and viability of fishing in Lake Victoria. However, it’s essential to ensure sustainable fishing practices and proper management of the lake’s resources to maintain the long-term health and productivity of the fishery.
Japan’s fishing industry is more developed than Kenya’s due to several factors. Japan benefits from its favorable geographical location, advanced research and technology, effective regulations, and a strong cultural heritage tied to fishing. On the other hand, Kenya faces challenges such as a shorter coastline, inadequate infrastructure and equipment, overfishing, and limited access to funding and technology. Targeted investments and policy interventions are necessary to enhance Kenya’s fishing industry.
The following are reasons why fishing is more developed in Japan than in Kenya
1. Long Fishing Tradition and Efficient Technology in Japan
Japan’s history as an island nation has nurtured a strong fishing tradition, leading to the development of efficient fishing technologies and techniques over generations. The proximity to the sea and the cultural significance of fishing have contributed to the constant refinement of methods. In contrast, Kenya’s focus on mainland agriculture has meant less emphasis on sea-related activities and thus less investment in fishing technology.
2. Geography and Economic Necessity in Japan
Japan’s mountainous terrain and thin, permafrost-laden soil have limited the scope for extensive agriculture. This geographic constraint has led the Japanese to turn to fishing as a primary occupation and source of sustenance. In contrast, Kenya’s more agriculturally inclined population has prioritized land-based activities, diverting attention away from developing a robust fishing industry.
3. Research and Innovation in Japan
Japan’s commitment to research and innovation is evident in the extensive studies and advancements made in fishing techniques, marine biology, and oceanography. The Japanese government and industries have invested heavily in research to ensure sustainable fishing practices. Conversely, Kenya’s limited focus on fishing has resulted in fewer research initiatives in this field.
4. Population and Market in Japan
Japan’s large population provides a substantial market for fish consumption, incentivizing the growth and expansion of the fishing industry to meet demand. In Kenya, the smaller population and varying dietary preferences mean that fish consumption is not as significant, reducing the economic impetus for a thriving fishing sector.
5. Advanced Fishing Methods in Japan
Japan’s well-developed fishing industry benefits from advanced fishing methods, modern vessels, and fleets capable of deep-sea fishing operations. This technological advantage has enabled Japanese fishermen to access a wide range of fish species across vast oceanic territories. Conversely, Kenya’s reliance on traditional methods and basic vessels limits their fishing range and catch.
6. Coastal Geography and Infrastructure in Japan
Japan’s indented coastline with numerous natural harbors has facilitated the growth of fishing ports and villages. This convenient infrastructure supports the fishing industry’s logistics, processing, and transportation needs. In contrast, Kenya’s regular coastline lacks such extensive natural harbors, leading to challenges in establishing and maintaining well-equipped fishing ports.
7. Oceanographic Factors in Japan
Japan’s extensive continental shelf, combined with cold and warm ocean currents, creates nutrient-rich waters abundant in plankton. This plankton-rich environment attracts a variety of fish species, contributing to a thriving fishing industry. On the other hand, Kenya’s narrower continental shelf and limited oceanic currents result in fewer plankton, reducing the fish population available for harvest.
8. Offshore Fishing Capability in Japan
Japan’s investment in strong and technologically advanced fishing vessels allows them to venture into deep offshore sea fishing, where various valuable fish species are found. This capability expands their catch potential and contributes to their developed fishing industry. Kenya’s limited capacity to operate only a few kilometers off the shore constrains their fishing range and potential catch.
Overfishing: Over the years, there has been a decline in fish stocks due to overfishing in Japanese waters. The demand for seafood, both domestically and internationally, has put immense pressure on fish populations, leading to depletion and the collapse of certain species.
Control of territorial waters. The Japanese fleet has been restricted from other nations’ territories.
Water pollution due to oil spillage from the shipping vessels and industrial water. This has led to reduction of fish species in high seas
Decline in coastal fisheries: Coastal fisheries in Japan have been significantly impacted by habitat degradation, pollution, and coastal development. These factors have contributed to the decline in fishery resources along the coast, affecting the livelihoods of many small-scale fishermen.
Illegal, unreported, and unregulated (IUU) fishing: Japan, like many other countries, faces challenges related to IUU fishing. It involves activities such as illegal fishing, unreported catches, and the lack of proper regulations and enforcement. IUU fishing undermines conservation efforts, threatens fish stocks, and impacts the sustainability of fisheries.
Competition with other countries: Japan is an island nation surrounded by rich fishing grounds, but it also faces competition with neighboring countries and distant water fishing fleets. Conflicts can arise over fishing rights, territorial disputes, and resource allocation in shared waters.