No, accumulated depreciation is not a current liability. It is a contra-asset account that appears on the balance sheet under non-current assets.
Accumulated depreciation represents the cumulative amount of depreciation recognized on a specific asset or group of assets since their acquisition. It is used to reduce the value of the related asset(s) and reflects the total decrease in their value over time due to wear and tear, obsolescence, or other factors.
On the balance sheet, the typical order of accounts is as follows:
- Assets: Assets are listed first on the balance sheet, and they are classified into current assets and non-current assets based on their expected conversion into cash or use within one year. Non-current assets include items like property, plant, equipment, intangible assets, and long-term investments.
- Liabilities: Liabilities are listed after assets and are classified into current liabilities (due within one year) and non-current liabilities (due after one year).
- Equity: Equity is listed after liabilities and represents the ownership interest of the shareholders in the company. It is the residual interest in the assets after deducting liabilities.
Since accumulated depreciation is a contra-asset account, it reduces the value of the related non-current asset(s). It is recorded under non-current assets on the balance sheet, specifically under the category of “Accumulated Depreciation.” As a contra-asset account, it carries a credit balance, which offsets the value of the related asset(s) recorded in the balance sheet.
Accumulated depreciation is not classified as a current liability because it does not represent an obligation or debt that the company owes to an external party. Instead, it is a part of the accounting treatment used to accurately report the net book value of the company’s assets after accounting for depreciation.