Urban growth refers to the process of the physical expansion and increase in population within urban areas. It involves the expansion of cities, towns, and other urban settlements in terms of land area, infrastructure, and population size. Urban growth occurs when there is a significant increase in the proportion of a country’s population living in urban areas.
The concept of urban growth encompasses both the spatial and demographic aspects of urbanization. Spatially, it refers to the outward expansion of urban areas as new buildings, roads, and infrastructure are constructed to accommodate the growing population. Demographically, it refers to the increase in the number of people residing in urban areas due to factors such as rural-to-urban migration, natural population growth within urban areas, and reclassification of rural areas into urban zones.
Urban growth is driven by various factors, including economic opportunities, better access to services and amenities, improved infrastructure, and social factors such as education and healthcare facilities. It is a natural consequence of urbanization, which is the shift of population and economic activities from rural to urban areas.
Monitoring and understanding urban growth is important for urban planning and policy development. It helps policymakers and urban planners anticipate and address the challenges associated with population growth, such as increased demand for housing, transportation, healthcare, and other urban services. Effective urban growth management strategies can promote sustainable development, ensure efficient use of resources, and improve the quality of life for urban residents.