The growing of grapes to produce wines is termed as viticulture. There are many vineyards (grape farm) in the south west Cape area of South Africa, the most important areas being found on the flat valley land of the great Berge and Breed rivers of the nearby mountains.
The vine yards do not only produce grapes but also other fruits such as apricots and peaches which are used in the jam and canning industries.
Conditions that have favoured vine growing in South Africa
- The Mediterranean climate with warm summers and cold winters
- Availability of water for irrigation from river Breed
- The presence of fertile well drained soils
- Sunny, dry summers which favour harvesting of the crop.
- Availability of cheap labour during harvesting