There are several reasons why the petroleum refinery in Kenya is located at Mombasa:
- Proximity to the Port: Mombasa has a strategic location with a deep-water port, making it an ideal location for a petroleum refinery. The port facilitates the importation of crude oil and the exportation of refined petroleum products. The availability of a well-established port infrastructure allows for efficient transportation of raw materials and finished products, reducing logistical costs.
- Access to International Markets: Mombasa is a major gateway for trade in East Africa and provides access to international markets. Locating the refinery in Mombasa enables easier exportation of refined petroleum products to neighboring countries in the region, such as Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, South Sudan, and the Democratic Republic of Congo. This enhances regional trade and economic integration.
- Transportation Infrastructure: Mombasa has a well-developed transportation network, including road and rail connections. This facilitates the distribution of refined petroleum products to various parts of the country and the region. The presence of reliable transportation infrastructure reduces the cost and time involved in delivering petroleum products to consumers and businesses.
- Availability of Skilled Workforce: Mombasa has a relatively large population with diverse skills and expertise. The availability of a skilled workforce is crucial for the operation and maintenance of the refinery. Locating the refinery in Mombasa ensures access to a labor pool with relevant technical knowledge and experience in the petroleum industry.
- Supportive Infrastructure and Services: Mombasa has supporting infrastructure and services necessary for the smooth functioning of a refinery. This includes power supply, water resources, telecommunications, banking, and other essential services. The availability of these infrastructure and services reduces operational challenges and ensures a conducive environment for the refinery’s operations.
- Environmental Considerations: Mombasa’s location along the coast provides opportunities for environmentally responsible disposal of waste products generated during the refining process. The proximity to the ocean allows for the implementation of proper waste management practices, minimizing the environmental impact of the refinery’s operations.
It’s important to note that the location of a petroleum refinery involves a complex decision-making process that considers various factors, including economic, logistical, and environmental considerations. The factors mentioned above contribute to the suitability of Mombasa as a location for the petroleum refinery in Kenya.