The Indonesian government has recognized the severe pollution of the Citarum River and has made efforts to address the issue and improve its water quality. Some of the initiatives and actions taken by the government include:
- Citarum River Revitalization Program: In 2018, the Indonesian government launched the Citarum River Revitalization Program, which aims to rehabilitate and restore the river’s ecosystem and improve water quality. The program involves various government agencies, including the Ministry of Environment and Forestry, the Ministry of Public Works and Housing, and the Ministry of Industry.
- Clean-Up Campaigns: The government has organized numerous clean-up campaigns involving local communities, volunteers, and the military. These campaigns focus on removing solid waste and debris from the river and its banks, as well as raising awareness about the importance of maintaining a clean and healthy environment.
- Relocation of Polluting Industries: The government has taken steps to relocate and regulate industrial activities along the Citarum River. Factories that contribute to pollution are required to implement proper waste management systems or face relocation to industrial zones with better infrastructure for waste treatment.
- Sewage Treatment Plants: The government has invested in the construction of wastewater treatment plants to address the issue of untreated sewage entering the river. These treatment plants help remove pollutants and improve the quality of the water discharged into the river.
- Law Enforcement: The government has increased law enforcement efforts to tackle illegal dumping and regulate activities that contribute to pollution. Strict penalties and fines have been imposed on individuals and industries found guilty of polluting the river.
- International Collaboration: Recognizing the transboundary nature of the pollution problem, the Indonesian government has sought assistance and collaboration from international organizations and neighboring countries. These partnerships aim to share expertise, technical knowledge, and financial resources to support the restoration and management of the Citarum River.
Despite these efforts, addressing the pollution of the Citarum River remains a significant challenge due to the scale and complexity of the issue. Ongoing commitment from the government, sustained enforcement of regulations, community participation, and continued international collaboration are crucial for achieving long-term improvements in the river’s water quality and ecosystem health.