Difference between a strike-slip fault and a thrust fault

11 Difference between a strike-slip fault and a thrust fault

Here’s a tabular comparison between a strike-slip fault and a thrust fault:

AspectStrike-Slip FaultThrust Fault
MovementHorizontal movement along the fault lineVertical movement along the fault line
Type of stressShear stressCompressive stress
Fault plane orientationNearly vertical or inclined planeInclined plane
Relative displacementBlocks on either side of the fault slide past each other horizontallyThe upper block is pushed up and over the lower block along the fault
Earthquake typeAssociated with mostly lateral or strike-slip earthquakesAssociated with mostly thrust or reverse earthquakes
Surface featuresCan result in offset features, such as stream channels or fencesCan cause folding, fault scarps, or imbricate thrust sheets
ExamplesSan Andreas Fault in California, USAMain Central Thrust in the Himalayas, Alpine Fault in New Zealand

It’s important to note that these characteristics can vary depending on the specific fault and regional tectonic conditions. Additionally, faults can have complex behaviors, and there can be transitional or hybrid fault types that exhibit characteristics of both strike-slip and thrust faults.


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