Difference between a savanna and a grassland

Difference between a savanna and a grassland

Here’s a comparison between a savanna and a grassland in tabular form:

DefinitionTropical or subtropical ecosystem characterized by a mix of grasses and scattered treesEcosystem dominated by grasses with few or no trees
ClimateGenerally has a warm or hot climate with distinct wet and dry seasonsCan have varying climate types, including temperate, semi-arid, or arid
RainfallExperiences a distinct wet season and a dry seasonRainfall patterns can vary, but generally lower than in forests
Tree CoverContains scattered trees or small patches of woodlandLacks significant tree cover, primarily consisting of grasses
VegetationDominated by grasses with interspersed shrubs and treesPredominantly consists of grass species
BiodiversitySupports diverse wildlife, including large herbivores and grazing mammalsCan have a range of animal species adapted to grassland habitats
Soil FertilitySoil fertility can vary, with some areas having nutrient-rich soilsSoil fertility can vary, with some areas having nutrient-rich soils
Fire AdaptationAdapted to periodic wildfires that help maintain the grassland ecosystemFire can be a natural component, but not as integral as in savannas
Human ImpactUsed for agriculture, grazing, and human settlementsUsed for agriculture, grazing, and conservation efforts
ExamplesAfrican savannas (e.g., Serengeti), Brazilian CerradoNorth American prairies, Eurasian steppes

Please note that savannas and grasslands can have variations in their specific characteristics and are found in different regions around the world. The examples provided above are some commonly known instances, but there are numerous other savannas and grasslands with distinct features and ecological contexts.

Published by


IAM experienced geography teacher with more than three years of teaching and creating content related to geography and other subjects for both high school and college students. hope you will find the content of this website useful to your studies and daily life

%d bloggers like this: