Suppose you want to conduct a research about maize production in your district from 2008 to 2018 and your interest is to know whether the production has increased or decrease. Your plan is to consult farmers who were directly involved in the maize production for the said period and visit the District Agriculture Officer for more information.

(a) What will be the best research approach for your study?
(b) Name the main source of data for your study.
(c) Identify two individuals who will be respondents for your study.
(d) Mention other six possible sources of research problems for the similar study.


(a) The best research approach for this study would be a combination of quantitative and qualitative research methods. This would involve collecting numerical data on maize production over the specified period and also gathering qualitative information through interviews or surveys with farmers and the District Agriculture Officer.

(b) The main source of data for this study would be primary data. This refers to data collected directly from the field, in this case, from the farmers and the District Agriculture Officer. The primary data would provide firsthand information specific to the research objective.

(c) Two individuals who could be respondents for the study are:

  1. Farmers involved in maize production: These individuals would have direct knowledge and experience regarding the production trends, challenges, and factors influencing maize production in the district during the specified period.
  2. District Agriculture Officer: The District Agriculture Officer is a key stakeholder who possesses valuable information on agricultural practices, policies, and data related to maize production in the district. Their insights would provide a broader perspective and support the analysis of trends and changes in production.

(d) Six possible sources of research problems for a similar study could include:

  1. Academic literature: Reviewing existing research studies, articles, and reports related to maize production in the district could reveal gaps in knowledge or areas requiring further investigation.
  2. Farmers’ associations or cooperatives: Collaborating with local farmer organizations or cooperatives could provide insights into the challenges faced by farmers, potential factors affecting production, and emerging trends.
  3. Agricultural extension services: Consulting with agricultural extension officers or agencies could help identify common issues faced by farmers, technological advancements, and relevant programs or interventions that have influenced maize production.
  4. Government reports: Examining government reports, such as agricultural sector reviews or statistical data on crop production, can provide valuable information on trends, policies, and initiatives that have impacted maize production in the district.
  5. Environmental factors: Exploring the impact of environmental factors such as rainfall patterns, temperature changes, and soil conditions on maize production could uncover potential research questions related to the relationship between climate and production.
  6. Market analysis: Conducting a market analysis could reveal trends in maize demand, prices, and market dynamics, which may influence farmers’ decisions and production levels. This analysis could highlight research questions on the relationship between market forces and production trends.

By exploring these potential sources of research problems, a more comprehensive understanding of maize production in the district can be achieved.


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