THE COLD WAR, (1945 – 1970)

THE COLD WAR, (1945 – 1970)

The “Cold War” was a global conflict or the bad relations between the Western (Capitalist) Powers that believed in liberalism and democracy like Britain, France, Canada, Belgium, Italy, Sweden, Switzerland, Norway and Denmark among others led by USA and the Eastern Powers that believed in Communism led by the Soviet Union (Russia) and her allies like Albania, Yugoslavia, Poland, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Hungary and East Germany among others.

This conflict developed after World War II between the two Super Powers and their respective allies. The conflict is referred to as the “Cold War” because it did not involve actual fighting. Instead, the rival powers attacked each other with propaganda or psychological war fare and economic measures as well as a general policy of non – co-operation. The Cold War became a major threat to world peace in the post-World War II period because it was characterized by tension, fear, suspicion, military skirmishes and conflicts between the Eastern or Communist bloc led by the Soviet Union (Russia) and the Western or Capitalist bloc led by USA.The Cold War originated from the ideological differences that existed between the Western Powers and the Soviet Union (Russia).

While the Western powers led by the USA wanted the spread of liberal democracy and capitalism throughout the world, the Soviet Union (Russia) on the other hand wanted communism to be spread throughout the world.

Communism is the belief in the system of government ownership of resources like land, factories, railways and banks among others and equal distribution of wealth. On the other hand, capitalism believes in private ownership of the factors of production.


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