14 FACTORS FOR THE GROWTH AND EXPANSION OF BUGANDA

14 FACTORS FOR THE GROWTH AND EXPANSION OF BUGANDA

  • Buganda started as a very small state which made it easy to defend and administer effectively.
  • Buganda was gifted with fertile soils and good climate which ensured production of Matooke to feed her big population.




14 FACTORS FOR THE GROWTH AND EXPANSION OF BUGANDA
  • Buganda established trade links with the coastal Arabs and was able to obtain guns that helped her to expand.
  • Buganda had well developed roads that connected the whole Kingdom which eased the movements of people and their goods.
  • Buganda had a highly centralized system of administration which ensured stability in the Kingdom.
  • Buganda had strong and capable leaders, e.g. Kabaka Ssuna, Kabaka Jjunju, Kabaka Ssekamanya .e.t.c who expanded the Kingdom to greater heights.
  • The Kabaka married from all the major tribes of Buganda which created unity and loyalty of the people.
  • Buganda took advantage of her weak neighbours to expand e.g. Bunyoro lost a lot of land to Buganda.




  • The Kiganda society had division of Labour where by women engaged in agriculture while the men concentrated on trading, fishing and fighting to defend the empire.
  • The geographical location of Buganda also gave her a security advantage e.g. Lake Victoria in the south, river Nile in the East and Lake Kyoga in the North provided natural defense barriers against enemies.
  • Buganda also absorbed / conquered small communities which led to increase of her population.
  • The coming of the British also led to the expansion of Buganda because they offered her enough support in defeating Bunyoro.
  • The constant supply of tributes from conquered states also strengthened Buganda‚Äôs economy e.g from Busoga.




  • Buganda had a royal guard where by all able bodied men were supposed to go for compulsory military training so that they could defend the Kingdom.

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