How the government in Uganda became involved in managing education after 1922

How the government in Uganda became involved in managing education after 1922

  • Before 1920, education was in the hands of missionaries.
  • Schools were opened and run by missionaries and evangelism was their main purpose.

  • From 800 pounds in 1920, government expenditure on education rose to 88,000 pounds in 1933.
  • In 1922, the government opened up a technical School at Makerere College to start training people in the fields of health, carpentry and metal works.
  • In 1924, the colonial government instituted the Phelps-stokes commission to re-examine the state of education in all the East African countries.
  • In 1924, the government appointed Sir Eric Husey as the first director of education in Uganda.
  • In 1926 more courses were introduced at Makerere College in the fields of teaching, agriculture and medicine and it started producing professionals.

  • Still in 1926, the colonial government started the Student exchange program and many students came from as far as Kenya Tanzania, South Africa and Zambia.
  • In the late 1920’s teacher training colleges were built, e.g. in Ndejje, Nkozi and Kyambogo and these produced Grade II teachers.
  • An inspectorate of schools was also set up to check on the standards of these Schools.
  • The government also set up education commissions for example Phelps – stokes commission and De – la –war commission to continuously research on the progress of education in Uganda.
  • In 1935, the colonial government linked Makerere to the college of Cambridge and the first group of Ugandans sat for the Cambridge certificate of education exams.
  • In 1937, Makerere was recommended to become an institution of higher learning for the whole of E. Africa.

  • In 1949, Makerere was linked to the University of London and it started offering degree courses.
  • Its first graduates came out in 1953 that included Nelson Mandela and Julius Nyerere.
  •  From the late 1930’s many schools were built and government increased funding in education.
  • This increased enrollment in primary, Secondary, tertiary and technical schools.
  • A sponsorship or Scholarship program was put in place to help students attain higher education.
  • In 1964, all denomination schools (schools belonging to a particular faith) were abolished by the 1964 education Act


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