Factors responsible for the decline in coal production

Factors responsible for the decline in coal production in Ruhr region in Germany

  • The discovery of new forms of energy e.g. natural gas
  • The increasing use of nuclear power. This is a very powerful form of energy produced by the splitting if the nuclei of atoms.

  • Increasing use of crude oil as a form of energy.
  • The rising costs of mining in the deeper seams
  • Exhaustion of the easily worked exposed mines.
  • Improvement of technology which required less coal to be burnt especially in the iron and steel industry
  • A large number of miners have had to leave the industry for better paying jobs in the industrial sector.
  • Closing of some mines.

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