There are several causes of slums in India, including:
- Rapid urbanization: As more people move to urban areas in search of employment and better living conditions, the demand for housing often exceeds the supply. This can lead to the development of informal settlements or slums.
- Poverty: Many people living in slums in India are poor and cannot afford to live in more formal, higher-quality housing.
- Lack of affordable housing: There is a shortage of affordable housing in many Indian cities, which can contribute to the formation of slums.
- Inadequate infrastructure and services: Slums often lack basic infrastructure and services such as clean water, sewage systems, and electricity. This can lead to unhealthy living conditions and contribute to the spread of disease.
- Poor planning and regulation: Inadequate planning and regulation can lead to the development of slums in areas that are prone to natural disasters or environmental degradation.
- Political corruption: In some cases, political corruption can contribute to the development of slums by allowing unplanned, informal settlements to be built on land that is not meant for housing.
- Discrimination: Some groups, such as Dalits (formerly known as “untouchables”) and tribal communities, may be more likely to live in slums due to discrimination and marginalization.
- Social and cultural factors: In some cases, cultural and social norms may also contribute to the development of slums. For example, in some parts of India, it is common for extended families to live together, which can lead to overcrowding and the development of slums.