- Lack of double coincidence of wants: – it is difficult to find two people with the need for each other’s product at the same time.
- Lack of store of value/ perishability of some commodities: – some goods are perishable thus their value cannot be stored for a long time for future purposes e.g. one cannot store vegetables for exchange purposes in future.
- Indivisibility of some commodities: -it is difficult to divide some products like livestock into smaller units to be exchanged with other commodities.
- Lack of standard measure of value: – It is not easy to determine how much one commodity can be exchanged for a given quantity of another commodity.
- Transportation problem: It is difficult to transport bulky goods especially when there is no faster means of transport.
- Lack of a standard deferred payment: – The exchange of goods cannot be postponed since by the time the payment is made, there could be fluctuation in value, demand for a commodity may not exist and the nature and quality of a good may not be guaranteed. It may be therefore difficult what to decide what to accept for future payment.
- Lack of specialization: – Everyone strives to produce all the goods he or she needs due to the problem of double coincidence of wants.
- Lacks unit of account- it is difficult to assess the value of commodities and keep their record