Nyerere was the first president of the Republic of Tanzania and led the country in 1961 to 1985.
- Transformed Tanganyika African Association (TAA) in 1954.
- Led Tanganyika to independence in 1961.
- Promoted multi-racial unity between, ie Arabs and Africans.
- Spearheaded the merger between Tanganyika and Zanzibar in 1964.
- Promoted socialism in Tanzania under the 1967 Arusha Declaration.
- Created a People’s army, ie TPDF in Tanzania.
- Promoted mass nationalism / patriotism in Tanzania.
- Promoted territorial sovereignty of Tanzania, ie defended the boundaries of Tanzania
especially the Amin’s time in Uganda.
- Provided exemplary leadership to the people of Tanzania.
- Maintained political stability in Tanzania.
- Promoted egalitarianism / equality in Tanzania.
ECONOMIC ROLES / CONTRIBUTION
- Promoted agricultural modernization in Tanzania.
- Nationalized the major means of production, ie land.
- Created the Ujaama villages that promoted / boosted production.
- Created co-operative movements which eased the marketing of agricultural products.
- Promoted small scale industries, ie processing of agricultural products.
- Changed the attitude of people towards work.
- Led to infrastructural developments eg roads.
- Emphasized rural development through the Ujamaa village.
- Promoted income equality which reduced conflicts.
- Promoted self-reliance in Tanzania in the initial years of independence to reduce effects of neo-colonialism.
- Re-distributed land in Tanzania.
- Created a national language – Kiswahili which consolidated unity and trade.
- Promoted education through elementary structure of lower primary.
- Provided health services through the setting up of hospitals and other health centres.
- Provided clean water in Tanzania.
- Re-designed the education system to suit the needs of the people.
NEGATIVE CONTRIBUTION / WEAKNESSES
- Promoted dictatorship through one party system, ie CCM.
- Corruption persisted.
- Failed to fight Neo- colonialism.
- Socialism failed in Tanzania.
- Conflicted with neighboring states, ie Uganda.
- Failed to increase agricultural production, ie famine struck the country in the 1970’s.
- Made Tanzania to register shortage of foreign exchange due to limited exports.
- The policy of self-reliance failed under Nyerere.
- There was low industrial development or output due to the small scale industries.
- Communal farming failed.
- Nyerere mismanaged the state enterprises.
- Income inequality persisted.
- Failed to fully handle the unemployment problem.
- Farmers associations offered low prices for the produce.
- Nyerere accumulated foreign debts for Tanzania.
- Wide spread poverty persisted.
- Diluted the education system.
- Detribalized Tanzania and they lost touch with their relatives.
- The Uganda villages he created led to overcrowding with associated problems.