Limited land for expansion as most of the land has been used up and this has necessitated reclamation which is costly.
Congestion at the port due to too much cargo being handled resulting in delays in the clearance and delivery of goods.
There is silting up of the port area and the river channel thereby reducing its depth. Therefore large going ocean vessels at times cannot dock and this calls for regular dredging which is costly.
High maintenance costs due to regular dredging and regular attacks from the North sea.
Sea attacks from the North sea especially during high tide leading to flooding of the port area and at times temporary closures. Occasional flooding by river Rhine especially during spring and summer when the glacial meltwater from the alps increases the volume of water and at times puts shipping activities at a standstill.
Competition from other neighboring ports for example Antwerp in Belgium as well as Amsterdam in the Netherlands.
Accidents are common at the port leading to the death of workers as well as the destruction of merchandise.