- A survey team involves three people, the leading chainman or leader, the follower and the booker.
- The chain is thrown to extend it and disentangle any knots
- The leader takes ten arrows and a ranging rod, and the follower takes a ranging rod
- The follower erects his ranging rod/pole at the first base point and places a brass handle of the chain against the ranging rod.
- A leader straightens the chain and inserts an arrow at end of the brass handle. Offsets and tie lines can now be taken.
- The leader drags the chain so that the follower’s end is on the leader’s arrow; the follower moves to another point and places his ranging pole behind the arrow. This procedure is then repeated.