It’s also known as Laurentian Type.
- N. U.S.A. and S Canada.
- S. Argentina.
- N & S Korea, N. China, C and N Japan and E. Siberia.
The cool temperate western margin climate, also known as the Laurentian type, is characterized by specific features that distinguish it from other climate types. Here are 10 characteristics of this climate:
- Mild temperatures: The Laurentian type climate experiences relatively mild temperatures throughout the year, with cooler summers and milder winters compared to continental climates.
- High precipitation: This climate receives significant rainfall throughout the year, often with a peak in winter. Rainfall amounts can vary but are generally abundant.
- Oceanic influence: The proximity to large bodies of water, such as oceans or seas, influences the climate. The maritime influence brings moderating effects, keeping the temperatures relatively stable and increasing humidity levels.
- Fog and mist: The coastal areas in the Laurentian climate often experience fog and mist due to the interaction between the warm air from the land and the cooler oceanic currents.
- Prevailing westerlies: The dominant wind patterns in this climate type are the westerlies, which blow from west to east. These winds bring moisture from the ocean, contributing to the high precipitation levels.
- Lush vegetation: The combination of ample rainfall and mild temperatures supports the growth of dense vegetation, including forests and lush greenery.
- Evergreen forests: Coniferous forests, characterized by trees such as pine, spruce, and fir, are common in this climate. These forests retain their foliage throughout the year, adapting to the mild winters.
- Biodiversity: The cool temperate western margin climate supports a rich biodiversity, with a variety of plant and animal species adapted to the moderate climate and abundant moisture.
- Variable weather conditions: The weather in this climate type can be changeable, with frequent cloud cover, rain showers, and occasional storms. The variability in weather patterns is influenced by the oceanic and atmospheric conditions.
- Coastal influence: The proximity to the coast and the presence of oceanic currents can lead to specific coastal features such as cliffs, rocky shores, and sandy beaches.
It’s important to note that the characteristics of the cool temperate western margin climate can vary slightly depending on the specific location and regional factors.