- It is characterized by the Keeping of large herds of animals as a sign of prestige, social status and wealth, for dowry payment, and assurance against natural deaths.
- There’s uncontrolled cross-breeding of animals
- The farmers/nomads move from one place to another in search of pastures and water
- They Keep animals of different types together. Cattle, goats, sheep, camels and goats are grazed together.
- Pastoral/communities rely on these animals for their livelihood. The animals provide milk, hides are used as clothing and blood and meat used as food.
- Animals are usually unhealthy. They are weakened by diseases and lack of quality feeds.
- The land they graze on has no proper boundary. It is communally owned
- There’s overgrazing making the grasslands suffer severe soil erosion.
- Frequent livestock raids are witnessed among the pastoral communities in Kenya