7 Characteristics of Tropical marine climate

7 CHARACTERISTICS OF TROPICAL MARINE CLIMATE

Regions with this type of climate are located on the east coasts of regions lying between 10oN
and 25oN and 10o S and 25oS.




These areas are under the influence of onshore trade winds.

The main areas are the east coasts of Brazil and Malagasy, the lowlands of central American and the west indies the coast of Queen land (Australia) and the southern Islands of the Philippines.

7 CHARACTERISTICS OF TROPICAL MARINE CLIMATE

Climatic characteristics

  • Temperature characteristics are similar to those of the equatorial climate.
  • Hot season temperature is 29oC and the cooler season temperature is 21oC.
  • The annual temperature range is about 8oC.




  • Total annual rainfall varies from 1000 mm to 200 mm depending on the location.
  • Rainfall is both convection and topographic (brought by onshore trade winds).
  • Maximum rainfall occurs in the hot season.
  • High humidity throughout the year.

This climate can generally be described as hot and humid throughout the year. However, the climate is cooled by the onshore winds blowing almost every day.

The main human activities carried out in this climatic region include crop cultivation, lumbering, and animal rearing.




The crops grown include sugarcane, rice, banana, and wheat. The animals kept are such as cattle, pigs, sheep, goats, and poultry.

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