Samouri Toure applied modern techniques such as:
- Surprise attacks,
- The Scorched-Earth policy
- The mass movement of the population.
three divisions of Samouri Toure’s army.
- That which encountered the French,
- That which organized the population on their migration to evade French confrontation.
- That which conquered new lands to settle the people.
why Samouri Toure resisted the French for long. (Why did it take long for the French to defeat Samouri Toure?
- He had a large disciplined well-trained army, equipped with modern weapons.
- His army successfully engaged in Guerrilla warfare apart from fighting in familiar terrain. This made the Mandinka too difficult for the French to control.
- The eastwards Mandinka retreat and the Scorched-Earth policy they used delayed advance by and weakened the French.
- Samouri used his great trade-based riches to buy fire-arms and horses for his large army.
- There were local gun-smiths, on who Samouri relied when unable to buy firearms from the coast.
- Samouri considered his war with the French a Jihad against European infidels, who he did not want to occupy his land and was ready to fight to the bitter end, being himself a devout Muslim.
- Unity within the army and among civilians, which gave him time to resist foreign invasion instead of suppressing internal rivalry.
- He was a skilled soldier with organizational skills. This delayed his capture.
- Samouri‟s people (the Mandinka) were united during the war as they moved eastwards. This enabled Samouri to establish a second empire, with the capital at Dabakala.
- Samouri had military workshops that supplied him with weapons and repaired defective weapons.