- The union constitution lifted the position of whites in South Africa at the expense of non whites.
- The Africans become inferior in their own country.
- Africans were not allowed to live out side the reserves unless working for whites.
- Africans were pushed to reserves. This was made legal by the 1913 land Act which called for the formation of native areas.
- Africans lost their fertile lands to whites.
- It promoted apartheid policy in South Africa.
- Africans become poorer economically than never before.
- Economic co – operation among the four white states was promoted.
- Economic development in the four white states was registered due the removal of trade restrictions.
- The political independence of the Africans was taken a way by the union.
- Made the British to give up on their role of protecting the Africans. The British like the Boers started discriminating Africans.
- Led to the growth of African nationalism in a bid to regain
- Led to formation of political parties by educated Africans for their independence. For example the African National Congress Was formed by Pixley Ka Izakaseme; a Zulu elite.
- It ended the long enmity between the British and the Boers.
- Shanty towns and slums developed in the reserves that Africans were forced to live.