What were the causes of the Franco-Mandinka war (1891-1898)

What were the causes of the Franco-Mandinka war (1891-1898)

  • Samouri wanted total independence for his empire.
  • He could not stand (tolerate) nonmuslims on his land.
  • The French wanted to occupy Mandinka through Military force, which was too provocative to bear.




  • Samouri could not imagine losing the rich Bure mines to the French. In fact, for him, the Bisandugu treaty was only meant to buy time to consolidate his army for a major attack against the French.
  • The French threatened Samouri‟s territorial expansion by claiming ownership of the areas into which his people were migrating, which was dangerous to the military and economic supremacy enjoyed by the Mandinka at the time the French came.
  • Samouri‟s failure in his scheme to play off the British against the French.
  • French supply of arms to Toure‟s enemies such as Tieba of Sikaso.




  • He felt confident and competent to go to war with the French, having equipped his soldiers with modern weapons as well as home-made guns.
  • He wanted to preserve the Mandinka culture.

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