In 1873, Cetewayo was officially made the king of the Zulu people in the place of his father Mpande Cetewayo was enthroned by Sir Theophillus Shepstone; the Natal’s Secretary for Native Affairs;
the achievements of Cetewayo as the king of the Zulu people
- Cetewayo rebuilt the Zulu army and made it strong again and by 1877 it had reached a tune of 30,000 well trained soldiers
- He revived Zulu nationalism by restoring the age regiments.
- He tried to avoid war with the whites but it become impossible.
- He tried to retain the independence of the Zulu state in the wake of colonization.
- He related with the Portuguese at the coast to get fire arms for the Zulu state.
- Cetewayo encouraged traded with the Portuguese at the coast.
- He encouraged raids against his neihgbours to keep his worriers active.
- He defeated the British at the battle of Isandhlwana in early
- This won him honour among his people.
- Cetewayo managed to keep Zulu independence between 1872 to 1879.
- Cetewayo was later defeated by the British in July 1879 at the battle of Ulundi.
- Cetewayo was arrested taken to the cape and later exiled to London
- The battle of Ulundi marked the end of Zulu independence