THE ROLE OF MPLA IN THE DECOLONISATION OF ANGOLA

THE ROLE OF MPLA IN THE DECOLONISATION OF ANGOLA
  • MPLA was formed in 1956 and it was initially urban based and it was headed by Augustinho Netto.
  • MPLA was a mass political party that recruited people from all walks of life. These included traders, peasants and a number of elites. With this numerical strength attained MPLA imparted pressure that resulted into independence.




  • MPLA surpassed racial and tribal boundaries for example MPLA trained Mesticos and white Liberals, this in effect resulted into the decolonization of Angola.
  • In 1960 MPLA sent a petition to Lisbon asking for reforms, this was sending a message to the Portuguese’ government that Africans were tired of their administration and when peaceful means failed, MPLA resorted to violence.
  • MPLA staged demonstrations in catete and Luanda to demand for the release of their leader Netto. The reaction of the Portuguese by indiscriminatingly firing at the demostrators only helped to strengthen the Angolans to demand for independence by whichever means.
  • MPLA recruited women who acted as spies and at the same time helped to cater for the guerillas and with that it became very easy for MPLA to attain the independence of Angola.




  • MPLA resorted to violence and used the hit and run tactic to disorganize the Portuguese. Such forced the Portuguese administration to make reforms in the 1970s and consequently grant independence.
  • MPLA sensitized the masses of the colonial injustices, they sent delegates in different parts, of Angola, this helped them to get a number of supporters and the result was pressure on the colonial administration that forced them grant independence.
  • MPLA provided military training to the masses of Angola, equipped them for the struggle by 1970 it was clear that the Portuguese could not hold the pressure.
  • MPLA opened up bases in Kinshasa and Eastern Angola which acted as administrative centre and at the same time where all help from outside world converged. These then became very helpful in fighting against the Portuguese colonialists.
  • MPLA attacked Luanda prison from where it obtained guns that helped in the real start of the struggle for independence.




  • MPLA fought the UNITA and FNLA factions which were dividing the Angolan populace. After completing with this MPLA then turned the guns to the Portuguese colonialists.
  • MPLA solicited support from Marxist states like Cuba, USSR and China that were very paramount in the struggle for independence such help was in form of military, economical and financial support.
  • MPLA leaders like Netto used the UNO and OAU assemblies to condemn colonialism and expose Portuguese colonial evils in Angola. This won Angola international sympathy and this explains why in 1970 MPLA was in position to get support from OAU. Such forced the Portuguese to go.

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