The migration and settlement of san into South Africa by 1800

The migration and settlement of san into South Africa by 1800

Their origin is not clearly known but what is agreed is that they migrated from central Africa, settled in Tanganyika and finally into South Africa.




Their early occupation is evidenced by the remains of their Stone Age implements, rock paintings and engravings that have been found in many parts of South Africa.

On arrival in South Africa, they occupied areas of Damaraland and Batlapin

They later settled around Brakenstien, cadeboo, Winterberg and Drakensberg ranges.




They also settled near the Kei, Vaal and Tugela river valleys Some spread and settled around Griqualand, Transvaal, Orange Free State and Transkei.

Others settled in the Tati district of present-day Botswana

They were later pushed into drier areas of the Namib Desert by the stronger Bantu.




  • Today, they are found in Namibia, Kalahari and Angola but small groups remained in the northern parts of the Cape Province.

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