The Pedi state was founded bySekwati as a defensive state. In 1861 Sekwati died and Sekukuni (Sekhukhune) claimed the chieftainship of the Bapedi after defeating his rival Mampuru.
Sekukuni had his capital on Mosengo Hills. He also allowed the refuges running from the Boers to settle on the margins of his state. Unlike his father,Sekukuni never acknowledged the rule of Transvaal
However, from 1861 to 1879 Sekukuni conflicted with the white in what is called the Pedi resistance.
THE CAUSES OF THE PEDI RESISTANCE
- This was a resistance staged by the Pedi people against the whites
- The Pedi were led by Sekukuni while the Boers by Burgers, a president of Transvaal.
- The British were led by Sir Garnet Wolseley.
- Dislike of the activities of Christian missionaries by the Pedi.
- Rumours that the Bapedi had burnt a Germany missionary society mission station.
- The Boers did not want the Pedi to become very strong and challenge them.
- The expansion of the Boers into the Bapedi territory.
- The British act of killing Sekukuni’s son Moroamotshe also led to war.
- The strategic location of the Bapedi capital on Mosengo Hills gave courage to Sekukuni to fight the Boers.
- The Boers disliked the Pedi’s act of giving refuge to people running away from the Transvaal.
- Support give to Sekukuni by his half –brother; Johannes Dinkonyane
- The role of Burgers, a president of Transvaal who called upon the Boer commandos to attack the Pedi.
- The role of the British under Sir Garnet Welseley.
- The Pedi wanted to protect their independence
- Disrespect of the Pedi leaders by the whites
- Need by the Pedi to protect their land from the greedy Boers.
- Disrespect of Pedi culture by the whites.
- Long term enemity between the Pedi and whites right from the time of the great Trek.
- The enslavement of the Pedi by the whites.
- Loss of the Bapedi cattle to the British.