Corruption is a conduct by the public done in violation of the existing rules and procedures for the realization of personal interests. It can be in form of bribery, kickbacks, sale of air, embezzlement, nepotism, and blackmail or hoarding. These and many others are caused by the following.
- Extensions of low payments to workers prompt them to accept bribes and any other form of corruption.
- The continued rigidity in employment where bureaucracy becomes a stumbling block makes corruption in Africa unavoidable.
- Weak administration whereby the people who are supposed to implement corruption measures are not exemporary hence the vicious cycle of corruption in Africa.
- Poor accountability in Africa where people in public offices do not usually account for their expenditure increases ground for corruption.
- Inadequate nationalism where potential African leaders do not love their countries and do not critically assess the effects of corruption on their nations.
- Existence of job insecurity whereby people are always expecting to be sacked thus amassing a lot of wealth as early as possible.
- The increasing poor economic climate which creates jobs for few people, these resort to exploiting others through hoarding, bribes and embezzlement.
- Existence of extended family syndrome where the very few people employed are faced with dependants so to counter the needs they use corruption as a tool.
- Existence of total lack of commitment to religion leading to unfaithfulness in places of work thus making corruption inevitable.
- The increasing chronic shortage of goods due to poor economic performance leads to hoarding, smuggling and black marketing.
- Inadquate exposure of corrupt officials. Governments are less concerned with exposing evils of corruption and its consequences to the people. This creates room for rampant corruption in Africa.
- The need to get rich quick makes people lose commitment to their service