The Bantu migration into South Africa

The Bantu migration into South Africa

  • Land pressure due to the increase in the population of the Bantu in their home land might have force them to migrate.
  • External conflicts .i.e. constant attacks from strong hostile tribes might have forced the Bantu to migrate. They migrated in search of safer areas




  • Drought and famine might have forced the Bantu to migrate. They moved in search for drought free areas full of food stuffs.
  • Epidemic diseases such as small Pox, sleeping sickness and animals diseases also made the Bantu to migrate. They migrated in search of disease free land.
  • Internal conflicts among the princes forced them to migrate with their supporters to south Africa to create their own empires
  • The spirit and love for adventure made the Bantu. The youth were wanderlust and wanted to see what lay beyond their boundaries
  • Bandwagon effect. Others migrated because they saw their friend, relatives and neihgbours migrating and wanted to know where they were going.
  • The youth were tied of taking orders from the elders more especially concerning marriage. They migrated to do away with such rigid orders from elders.




  • The skills of iron working partly made the Bantu to migrate .They made iron spears which gave them the confidence to migrate without fear of wild animals and hostile tribes.
  • Search for fresh pastures and water for their animals made the Bantu to migrate since pasture in their home land had been depleted /exhausted.
  • Need to trade also made the Bantu to migrate. They wanted to find new items in exchange for their products.
  • Search for new hunting grounds might have made the Bantu to migrate from their cradle land.
  • Need to trade iron implements like tools and weapons gave them confidence to migrate without the fear of wild animals and hostile tribes.




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