The Pretoria convention was signed to end the first Anglo – Boer war between the British and the Boers.
It has to be recalled that though the Boers defeated the British at Majuba hills, fighting continued.
It was a brain child of Gladstone; the British prime minister who was tired of the war.
It was held in Pretoria the capital of Transvaal in august 1881. The Boers were represented by Jourbert and Paul Kruger who signed and accepted the terms.
TERMS THE PRETORIA CONVENTION
- Transvaal was to be given independence in all her internal affairs.
- The foreign affairs of Transvaal were to be controlled by the Cape. In other words matter of foreign relations was to still remain under the British control.
- Transvaal was to accept the British flag and the rule of the Queen
- Transvaal was to loss her independence to the British.
- The boundaries of Transvaal were to be redefined to avoid more conflicts with her neighbours.
- Britain was to have limited responsibility over native affairs
- There was to be a British resident in Pretoria to look after the native policy.
- Equal rights were to be given all the people in Transvaal.
- Enslavement of Africans was to end
- The discrimination of the ‘Utilanders’ by the Boers was to end.
- Any body founding mistreating the Utilanders was to be punished.
- Civil rights of the Utilanders were to be protected.
- Utilanders were to be allowed free entre into Transvaal
- There was to be no discrimination of British goods by the republic of Transvaal.
- The British idea of federation was to be dropped immediately
- The war was to end with immediate effect.