Japan’s fishing industry is more developed than Kenya’s due to several factors. Japan benefits from its favorable geographical location, advanced research and technology, effective regulations, and a strong cultural heritage tied to fishing. On the other hand, Kenya faces challenges such as a shorter coastline, inadequate infrastructure and equipment, overfishing, and limited access to funding and technology. Targeted investments and policy interventions are necessary to enhance Kenya’s fishing industry.
The following are reasons why fishing is more developed in Japan than in Kenya
1. Long Fishing Tradition and Efficient Technology in Japan
Japan’s history as an island nation has nurtured a strong fishing tradition, leading to the development of efficient fishing technologies and techniques over generations. The proximity to the sea and the cultural significance of fishing have contributed to the constant refinement of methods. In contrast, Kenya’s focus on mainland agriculture has meant less emphasis on sea-related activities and thus less investment in fishing technology.
2. Geography and Economic Necessity in Japan
Japan’s mountainous terrain and thin, permafrost-laden soil have limited the scope for extensive agriculture. This geographic constraint has led the Japanese to turn to fishing as a primary occupation and source of sustenance. In contrast, Kenya’s more agriculturally inclined population has prioritized land-based activities, diverting attention away from developing a robust fishing industry.
3. Research and Innovation in Japan
Japan’s commitment to research and innovation is evident in the extensive studies and advancements made in fishing techniques, marine biology, and oceanography. The Japanese government and industries have invested heavily in research to ensure sustainable fishing practices. Conversely, Kenya’s limited focus on fishing has resulted in fewer research initiatives in this field.
4. Population and Market in Japan
Japan’s large population provides a substantial market for fish consumption, incentivizing the growth and expansion of the fishing industry to meet demand. In Kenya, the smaller population and varying dietary preferences mean that fish consumption is not as significant, reducing the economic impetus for a thriving fishing sector.
5. Advanced Fishing Methods in Japan
Japan’s well-developed fishing industry benefits from advanced fishing methods, modern vessels, and fleets capable of deep-sea fishing operations. This technological advantage has enabled Japanese fishermen to access a wide range of fish species across vast oceanic territories. Conversely, Kenya’s reliance on traditional methods and basic vessels limits their fishing range and catch.
6. Coastal Geography and Infrastructure in Japan
Japan’s indented coastline with numerous natural harbors has facilitated the growth of fishing ports and villages. This convenient infrastructure supports the fishing industry’s logistics, processing, and transportation needs. In contrast, Kenya’s regular coastline lacks such extensive natural harbors, leading to challenges in establishing and maintaining well-equipped fishing ports.
7. Oceanographic Factors in Japan
Japan’s extensive continental shelf, combined with cold and warm ocean currents, creates nutrient-rich waters abundant in plankton. This plankton-rich environment attracts a variety of fish species, contributing to a thriving fishing industry. On the other hand, Kenya’s narrower continental shelf and limited oceanic currents result in fewer plankton, reducing the fish population available for harvest.
8. Offshore Fishing Capability in Japan
Japan’s investment in strong and technologically advanced fishing vessels allows them to venture into deep offshore sea fishing, where various valuable fish species are found. This capability expands their catch potential and contributes to their developed fishing industry. Kenya’s limited capacity to operate only a few kilometers off the shore constrains their fishing range and potential catch.