PROBLEMS FACING LIVESTOCK RANCHING IN BOTSWANA

PROBLEMS FACING LIVESTOCK RANCHING IN BOTSWANA

Presence of pests and diseases like tsetse flies, ticks, rinderpest, nagana, foot and mouth disease, rift valley fever, etc. that affect very many animals and reduces the output or expected profits.

Severe desert conditions like low unreliable rainfall and prolonged drought leading to shortage of open surface water and pasture




  • Limited open surface water particularly in the South leading to over dependency on underground water that lowers the water table.
  • Desert vegetation is not very nutritious hence poor and insufficient for the animals
  • Some farmers have persisted in the traditional way of rearing animals which limits expansion of livestock ranching
  • Limited land for animal grazing due to increasing competition for land in respect to settlement and other economic activities.
  • Limited animal husbandry facilities to provide the necessary veterinary services and extension works
  • The new breeds are not very adaptive to the desert environment causing health problems and poor quality livestock products.
  • Limited market due to competition from other dairy farmers in Brazil, Texas, Arizona, Argentina, Norway and other sources of proteins like fish, beans, etc
  • Perishability of the livestock products leading to wastage and loss
  • Sparse vegetation cover bringing about soil erosion that washes away the topsoil and brings about tough coarse non-nutritious grass




  • Very expensive to manage the ranches because the animals require intensive care to harvest good quality products

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