PROBLEMS FACED BY POPULATION IN DENSELY POPULATED AREAS

PROBLEMS FACED BY POPULATION IN DENSELY POPULATED AREAS

  • They have limited accommodation leading to the development of slums.
  • There is congestion of people and vehicles (traffic jam) which leads to delays in the delivery of goods and services.




  • High levels of unemployment since the available jobs are not enough for the high population leading to idleness and high crime rates
  • This is too much pressure on land and other available socio-economic infrastructure leading to the depletion of natural resources.
  • They suffer from food shortages leading to malnutrition and starvation.
  • Flooding is experienced due to land degradation.
  • There are unhealthy environmental and sanitation conditions experienced leading to high spread of diseases.
  • There is a lot of revegetation of the areas settled in leading to environmental degradation and deformation.
  • The government spends a lot in providing of the areas settled in leading to environmental degradation and deformation.
  • The government spends a lot in providing the necessary social-economic services such as hospitals, roads, schools etc.




  • High level of pollution arising from industrial production to meet the demands of the big population.
  • The government finds difficulty in planning and catering to the large population.
  • High costs of living are experienced due to shortage of the necessary goods and services.

SOLUTIONS TO THE ABOVE

  • Adaptation of a population policy on family planning of one child per family policy.
  • Modernizing agriculture to increase productivity and meet the food needs of the large population.
  • Importation of food to supplement the domestic food reserves.
  • Government policy of the green revolution aimed at increasing the quality and quantity of food produced to ensure food security for the large population.
  • Diversification of economy to provide alternative employment such as farming, industrialization, and mining.




  • Establishment of health centers to help treat diseases.
  • Establishment of planned settlements to curb down slum development.
  • Construction of skyscrapers to reduce on congestion and pressure on land.
  • Encouraging outward migration from the densely populated areas to the sparsely populated areas.
  • Use of fertilisers to improve the soil conditions in order to improve productivity.
  • Putting in place education programs to teach about the dangers of high population.

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