PROBLEMS FACED BY PASTORALISTS SUCH AS FULANI TRIBE IN WEST AFRICA

PROBLEMS FACED BY PASTORALISTS SUCH AS FULANI TRIBE IN WEST AFRICA

  • Occurrence of natural hazards like floods, famine and drought hence death of animals and herders.
  • Presence of pests and diseases like ticks, tsetse flies and nagana, foot and mouth disease, etc




  • Migratory nature makes the animals lose weight and some die
  • Raiding and cattle rustling leading to loss of cattle and human lives.
  • Limited pasture and water due to overgrazing and aridity
  • Desert climate with high evaporation rates this makes open surface water very limited hence death of animals.
  • Wild animals as they look for water and pasture
  • Rearing of poor breeds that cause poor yields
  • Limited grazing land for individual livestock
  • Political instability caused by religious differences
  • Absence of well defined territorial boundaries leading to clashes with hostile tribes
  • Poor infrastructure especially roads to link the area to market centers




  • Limited veterinary services and extension workers for the sick livestock
  • Overstocking leading to over grazing
  • The practice of bush burning leads to growth of coarse non-nutritious grass
  • Limited labor for effectively rearing animals

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