PLANTING AND HARVESTING SUGARCANE IN SOUTH AFRICA

PLANTING AND HARVESTING SUGARCANE IN SOUTH AFRICA

The cane industry is owned by the South African sugar association which is one of the biggest cooperatives in the world. Some of it is grown by prosperous farmers.




  • For large-scale growing, the land is ploughed and reploughed using machinery, manual labor, and adding of fertilizers
  • Canes are chopped with disinfected knives in the length of 40 cm and then immersed in hot water of 50°C killing disease vectors for two hours
  • The cane is then planted at staggered intervals so as to ensure all-year production
  • Freshly planted cane takes 18 to 20 months before harvesting
  • Harvesting is done for around 9 months between May and December when sucrose is very high by chopping down the stem but leaving the roots to re-grow best done during the dry season for about 11 months




  • After harvesting the cane leaves are removed and the cane tied in bundles to the processing factory
  • Cut leaves are spread on the ground of the sugarcane plantation to avoid loss of moisture and land is left to fallow or regain its fertility

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