(i) Notch grafting
Here a slanting cut is made with a sharp knife at the base of the scion and the top of the stock. The 2 pieces are then fitted and wrapped with grafting tape.
(ii) Whip grafting/ Tongue grafting
Here straight slanting cuts are made on both the scion and stock.
(iii) Wedge/deft grafting
It is used when the scion is of a smaller diameter than that the root stock. It is some times used to graft a new variety into an already established tree.
iv) Side grafting
is where the stock has a larger diameter than the scion. The scion is inserted into side of the stock. A hole which is about 2 ½ cm deep is created at the side of stock.
A scion is inserted into the hole to fit and ensure maximum contact with the cambium.
(v) Approach grafting
Here two branches from different trees are put together and grafted. They unite and come together as one tree.
A small wound is made on both branches where they are to be grafted
(vi) Bud grafting
Here a scion is united with a seed hug tree or mature tree. The scion has only one Bud and some bark with/without wood. The bud is inserted in a slit made on the bark of the stock. It is held tightly on the stock by tying with budding tape until it produces a shoot