IMPORTANCE OF GEZIRA IRRIGATION SCHEME IN SUDAN

IMPORTANCE OF GEZIRA IRRIGATION SCHEME IN SUDAN

  • Many job opportunities to the Fellahins and immigrants e.g. in harvesting,planting,controlling the irrigation gadgets etc
  • A lot of income has been earned by the people improving their standards of living
  • Government earns a lot of revenue by taxing the Fellahins and its share of 36%




  • A lot of foreign exchange is earned through the export of cotton to Britain and USA
  • Infrastructure development like railways and roads that transport the cotton and other items from the gardens to market centres and refineries.
  • Increase in cultivable land through irrigation hence increase in food production.
  • Industrial development like ginneries and textile industries at Hasa-Heis etc
  • Promotion of good international trade and relations between Sudan and other countries due to the agricultural exports.
  • Reduction of destructive effects of flood water which is now reserved for irrigation
  • Urbanization in the Aljazeera state like Khartoum, Sennar, Barakat, Marangani, HasaHeisa, etc
  • Agricultural modernization through research via demonstration farms and research centres
  • Provision of abundant hydro-electric power through dam construction at Sennar, Rahad, Jebel-Aulia, etc
  • Enhanced economic diversification from agriculture to industry, transport, etc

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