- The Swazi state was forced to befriend the British and the
Boers as the result of the Mfecane, and the Zulu attacks in
- This started when the trekker Boers from Transvaal went to
Swaziland. At first the Boers were peaceful and thus
- The Boers were attracted to Swaziland by the fertile soils.
Swaziland was also a route to Kosi Bay which gave them
an out let to the sea.
- In 1845, Mswati gave large trunks of land to the Boers for
their own use
- In 1864, the Boers helped the Swazi against the Poka tribe.
This increased Boer influence in Swaziland.
- After the death of Mswati, in 1868, the Boers intervened
more directly in the affaires of Swaziland by supporting
Mbandzeni to succeed Mswati after succession dispute.
- Mbandzeni gave land to the Boers for farming, settlement,
and mining. However, they were never satisfied.
- The increased influx of whites threatened the Swazi people
and their independence especially as the Boers were less
willing to respect the Swazi chiefs.
- Mbandzini tried to solve the above problem by appointing
Theophilis Sheptone as a chief for the welfare of the whites
and answerable to him.
- The arrogance and military power of the whites made them
to disrespect the Swazi authority and wanted to annex it to
- In 1889, queen mother regent of the Swazi sent a delegation
to London requesting for the British protection against the
- In 1894, the British government accepted Transvaal to
take control over Swaziland by annexing it.
- In 1902, the British took over total legislative and judicial
roles in Transvaal without annexing Transvaal as the
- In 1903, Swaziland was finally declared the British
protectorate until 1968 when it achieved its independence